Background: Rafoxanide (RFX) is an active agent against Fasciola hepatica, but it is
prohibited for treatment of dairy animals whose milk is provided for human consumption.
Objective: A reliable, fast, and simple method needs to be developed to monitor RFX residues in
milk samples before distribution to consumers.
Methods: In this work, the electrochemical
oxidation of RFX was studied at glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) in Britton-Robinson buffer (BR)
solutions over the pH range 2.0-12.0 using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse
voltammetry (DPV). The oxidation of the drug was accomplished in a single irreversible,
adsorption-controlled step within the pH range 4.0-9.0. Therefore, the application of GCE for a
sensitive and selective quantification of RFX by adsorptive stripping voltammetry was reported.
The accumulation of the analyte was performed in Britton–Robinson buffer (pH 5.0) at a potential
of -0.3 V (vs. Ag-AgCl-KClsat) for 300 s and the measurement was carried out, after medium
exchange, in BR solution of pH 7.0 using DPV.
Result and Conclusion: This format was
satisfactorily applied for the determination of RFX in bovine milk. Limit of detection (LOD) of
1.25 µg kg -1 of milk and mean recoveries of 97.8 to 107.5% were achieved.