Synthesis and Cytotoxic Activity of Azine Derivatives of 6-Hydroxyxanthanodiene

Author(s): Margarita E. Neganova, Sergey G. Klochkov, Sergey A. Pukhov, Svetlana V. Afanasieva, Yulia R. Aleksandrova, Ekaterina Y. Yandulova, Marco F. Avila-Rodriguez, Liudmila M. Mikhaleva, Vladimir N. Nikolenko, Siva G. Somasundaram, Cecil E. Kirkland, Gjumrakch Aliev*

Journal Name: Current Cancer Drug Targets

Volume 20 , Issue 9 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: The conjugates of the sesquiterpene lactone of the eremophilane series of 6- hydroxyxanthanodiene with hydrogenated azines (piperidines and piperazines) have been synthesized and identified by NMR spectrometer.

Objective: A lactone with an unusual skeleton “6-hydroxyxanthanodiene” was extracted from the plant Elecampane (Inula helenium L) and identified various species with NMR spectrometer.

Methods: The cytotoxic, mitochondrial, and antioxidant activities on different tumor lines such as A549, HCT116, RD and Jurkat were investigated and determined possible mechanisms.

Results: The results showed that the most potent compound was IIIi exhibiting highest cytotoxicity against RD cells (IC50 25.23 ± 0.04 μM), depolarized the mitochondrial membrane and was an effective antioxidant (IC50 inhibition of LP 10.68 ± 3.21 μM) without any toxic side effect on healthy cells.

Conclusion: The conjugates of sesquiterpene lactone 6-hydroxyxanthanodiene III and hydrogenated azines may help to design potential promising anticancer drugs.

Keywords: 6-hydroxyxanthanodiene, azines, cytotoxicity, mitochondria, apoptosis, antioxidants, anticancer drug.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2020
Page: [666 - 674]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1568009620999200421200338
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