Anticoagulation in Deep Venous Thrombosis: Current Trends in the Era of Non- Vitamin K Antagonists Oral Anticoagulants

Author(s): Panteleimon E. Papakonstantinou, Costas Tsioufis*, Dimitris Konstantinidis, Panagiotis Iliakis, Ioannis Leontsinis, Dimitrios Tousoulis

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 23 , 2020


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Abstract:

Anticoagulation therapy is the cornerstone of treatment in acute vein thrombosis (DVT) and it aims to reduce symptoms, thrombus extension, DVT recurrences, and mortality. The treatment for DVT depends on its anatomical extent, among other factors. Anticoagulation therapy for proximal DVT is clearly recommended (at least for 3 months), while AT for isolated distal DVT should be considered, especially in the presence of high thromboembolic risk factors. The optimal anticoagulant and duration of therapy are determined by the clinical assessment, taking into account the thromboembolic and bleeding risk in each patient in a case-by-case decision making. Non-Vitamin K antagonists oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were a revolution in the anticoagulation management of DVT. Nowadays, NOACs are considered as first-line therapy in the anticoagulation therapy for DVT and are recommended as the preferred anticoagulant agents by most scientific societies. NOACs offer a simple route of administration (oral agents), a rapid onset-offset of their action along with a good efficacy and safety profile in comparison with Vitamin K Antagonists (VKAs). However, there are issues about their efficacy and safety profile in specific populations with high thromboembolic and bleeding risks, such as renal failure patients, active-cancer patients, and pregnant women, in which VKAs and heparins were the standard care of treatment. Since the available data are promising for the use of NOACs in end-stage chronic kidney disease and cancer patients, several ongoing randomized trials are currently trying to solve that issues and give evidence about the safety and efficacy of NOACs in these populations.

Keywords: Deep vein thrombosis, DVT, venous thromboembolism, VTE, anticoagulation, anticoagulants, NOACs, DOACs.

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VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 23
Year: 2020
Published on: 14 July, 2020
Page: [2692 - 2702]
Pages: 11
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200420150517
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