The outbreak of COVID-19 due to SARS-CoV-2 originally emerged in Wuhan in
December 2019. As of March 22, 2020, the disease spread to 186 countries, with at least 305,275
confirmed cases. Although there has been a decline in the spread of the disease in China, the prevalence
of COVID-19 around the world remains serious despite containment efforts undertaken by national
authorities and the international community. In this article, we systematically review the brief
history of COVID-19 and its epidemic and clinical characteristics, highlighting the strategies used to
control and prevent the disease in China, which may help other countries respond to the outbreak.
This pandemic emphasizes the need to be constantly alert to shifts in both the global dynamics and
the contexts of individual countries, making sure that all are aware of which approaches are successful
for the prevention, containment and treatment of new diseases, and being flexible enough to
adapt the responses accordingly.