Novel Perspective for Antithrombotic Therapy in TAVI

Author(s): Maria Drakopoulou, Stergios Soulaidopoulos, George Oikonomou, Konstantinos Stathogiannis, George Latsios, Andreas Synetos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Konstantinos Toutouzas*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 23 , 2020

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Abstract:

While surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) was for years the only available treatment for symptomatic aortic stenosis, the introduction of transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) in 2002 and the improvement of its technical aspects in the following years, has holistically changed the synchronous therapeutic approach of aortic valve stenosis. Recent evidence has expanded the indication of TAVI from high to lower surgical risk populations with symptomatic aortic stenosis. The administration of antithrombotic therapy periprocedurally and its maintenance after a successful TAVI is crucial for the prevention of complications and affects postprocedural survival. Randomized controlled trials investigating the appropriate combination and the duration of antithrombotic treatment after TAVI are for the moment scarce. This review article sheds light on the underlying pathogenetic mechanisms contributing in periprocedural TAVI thrombotic complications and discuss the efficacy of current antithrombotic policies as evaluated in randomized trials.

Keywords: TAVI, antithrombotic therapy, DAPT, NOAC, VKA, SAVR.

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