Amano Lipase PS from Burkholderia cepacia - Evaluation of the Effect of Substrates and Reaction Media on the Catalytic Activity

Author(s): Jacek Dulęba, Tomasz Siódmiak*, Michał Piotr Marszałł

Journal Name: Current Organic Chemistry

Volume 24 , Issue 7 , 2020


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Abstract:

Lipases in the native or immobilized form have commonly been used as catalysts in the chemical and pharmaceutical industry. One of the widely available enzyme catalysts on the market is lipase from Burkholderia cepacia (BCLs), previously called Pseudomonas cepacia (PCLs). This enzyme is applied, among others, in the stereoselective acylation of molecules to achieve chiral pure enantiomers of drugs or their building blocks. In this study, Amano lipase PS (APS-BCL), which is a commercial lipase from Burkholderia cepacia (BC) was tested. The lipolytic activity of APS-BCL by hydrolysis of vegetable oils and enantioselective activity of APS-BCL by the kinetic resolution of (R,S)-1-phenylethanol with using isopropenyl acetate as an acyl donor were evaluated. An effect of reaction media with different logP values (t-butyl methyl ether, dichloromethane, diisopropyl ether, toluene, cyclohexane, n-hexane, isooctane and n-heptane) on the enantioselective activity of lipase was also studied. The high value of the enantiomeric ratio (E =308.5) with the utilization of isopropenyl acetate was achieved. Whereas, the best reaction medium turned out to be diisopropyl ether, C =47.9%, eep =98%, ees =90%, after 24 h of incubation. Moreover, the influence of ω6/ω9 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) ratio in commercial (peanut, camelina, rape, pumpkin seed, walnut, sesame, avocado, rice, corn, black cumin, hemp, safflower, grape seed) oils was investigated for the lipase activity. For the first time, the cut-off limit of ω6/ω9 ratio was proposed. The ratio equal to or higher than 2.3 allows achieving higher lipolytic activity.

Keywords: Lipase, Amano lipase PS from Burkholderia cepacia, (R, S)-1-phenylethanol, (R)-1-phenylethanol, isopropenyl acetate, ω- PUFAs, vegetable oil, the cut-off limit.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 24
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2020
Published on: 03 June, 2020
Page: [798 - 807]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1385272824666200408092305
Price: $58

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