Aim: We aimed to review the importance of the natural products and herbs used in the management
of diabetes mellitus (DM) as medicinal agents.
Background: Naturally occuring phytoactive compounds and herbs are very important because they are
found to be effective against several diseases. DM is a commonly occurring endocrinological disorder,
with the incidences increased four times in the last 34 years. There are several oral hypoglycemic agents
available in the market, which in the long term, may lead to a high risk of secondary failure rate.
Objectives: This review focuses on natural products and herbs application for effective management of
diabetic conditions, and natural products that can be utilized as alternative therapy.
Methods: We searched the various online databases (PubMed, Bentham, ScienceDirect) and scientific
publications from the library using a qualitative systematic review. The criteria of the review were
based on natural products and herbs application for possessing medicinal value against diabetes and the
literature of previous thirty years has been searched. The inclusion criteria of materials were based on
the quality and relevancy with our aim.
Results: We observed that owing to the potential of natural products and herbs, different research
groups are searching for the potent natural antidiabetic agents with minimal side effects. Recent research
showed that there is a decline in a number of new molecules that fail in clinical trials because of
toxicity thus, natural products and herbs are considered as the alternative. Currently, some of the natural
products and herbs like coixol, andrographolide, Tinospora cordifolia, polypeptide p, charantin, Annona
squamosa, and Nigella are being explored for their potential to be used successfully for the management
of type 2 diabetes.
Conclusion: The significance of natural products and herbs in the anticipation of diabetes and allied
complications are being described herein. We observed that a huge amount of work is being done to explore
the natural products and herbs to manage the diabetes and this review gives the highlights of them.