An Efficient Machine Learning Model for Prediction of Acute Myocardial Infarction

Author(s): Dhilsath Fathima M.*, S. Justin Samuel, R. Hariharan

Journal Name: Recent Advances in Computer Science and Communications
Formerly Recent Patents on Computer Science

Volume 14 , Issue 7 , 2021


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Abstract:

Aim: This proposed work is used to develop an improved and robust machine learning model for predicting Myocardial Infarction (MI) could have substantial clinical impact.

Objectives: This paper explains how to build machine learning based computer-aided analysis system for an early and accurate prediction of Myocardial Infarction (MI) which utilizes framingham heart study dataset for validation and evaluation. This proposed computer-aided analysis model will support medical professionals to predict myocardial infarction proficiently.

Methods: The proposed model utilize the mean imputation to remove the missing values from the data set, then applied principal component analysis to extract the optimal features from the data set to enhance the performance of the classifiers. After PCA, the reduced features are partitioned into training dataset and testing dataset where 70% of the training dataset are given as an input to the four well-liked classifiers as support vector machine, k-nearest neighbor, logistic regression and decision tree to train the classifiers and 30% of test dataset is used to evaluate an output of machine learning model using performance metrics as confusion matrix, classifier accuracy, precision, sensitivity, F1-score, AUC-ROC curve.

Results: Output of the classifiers are evaluated using performance measures and we observed that logistic regression provides high accuracy than K-NN, SVM, decision tree classifiers and PCA performs sound as a good feature extraction method to enhance the performance of proposed model. From these analyses, we conclude that logistic regression having good mean accuracy level and standard deviation accuracy compared with the other three algorithms. AUC-ROC curve of the proposed classifiers is analyzed from the output figure.4, figure.5 that logistic regression exhibits good AUC-ROC score, i.e around 70% compared to k-NN and decision tree algorithm.

Conclusion: From the result analysis, we infer that this proposed machine learning model will act as an optimal decision making system to predict the acute myocardial infarction at an early stage than an existing machine learning based prediction models and it is capable to predict the presence of an acute myocardial Infarction with human using the heart disease risk factors, in order to decide when to start lifestyle modification and medical treatment to prevent the heart disease.

Keywords: Adversarial input, logistic regression, machine learning, myocardial infarction.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 14
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2021
Published on: 24 March, 2020
Page: [2360 - 2368]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2666255813666200325104317
Price: $95

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