Could Antioxidant Supplementation Delay Progression of Cardiovascular Disease in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients?

Author(s): Stefanos Roumeliotis, Athanasios Roumeliotis, Xenia Gorny, Peter R. Mertens*

Journal Name: Current Vascular Pharmacology

Volume 19 , Issue 1 , 2021


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Abstract:

In end-stage renal disease patients, the leading causes of mortality are of cardiovascular (CV) origin. The underlying mechanisms are complex, given that sudden heart failure is more common than acute myocardial infarction. A contributing role of oxidative stress is postulated, which is increased even at early stages of chronic kidney disease, is gradually augmented in parallel to progression to endstage renal disease and is further accelerated by renal replacement therapy. Oxidative stress ensues when there is an imbalance between reactive pro-oxidants and physiologically occurring electron donating antioxidant defence systems. During the last decade, a close association of oxidative stress with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk for CV and all-cause mortality has been established. Lipid peroxidation has been identified as a trigger for endothelial dysfunction, the first step towards atherogenesis. In order to counteract the deleterious effects of free radicals and thereby ameliorate, or delay, CV disease, exogenous administration of antioxidants has been proposed. Here, we attempt to summarize existing data from studies that test antioxidants for CV protection, such as vitamins E and C, statins, omega-3 fatty acids and N-acetylcysteine.

Keywords: Antioxidants, cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease, haemodialysis, N-acetylcysteine, oxidative stress, peritoneal dialysis.

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VOLUME: 19
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2021
Published on: 17 March, 2020
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DOI: 10.2174/1570161118666200317151553
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