A Brief Review on Dual Target of PARP1 and STAT3 for Cancer Therapy: A Novel Perception

Author(s): Kaviarasan Lakshmanan, Gowramma Byran*, Manal Mohammed

Journal Name: Current Enzyme Inhibition

Volume 16 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Cancer is a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Around the world, over 10 million cancer cases occur annually. Half of all men and one-third of all women will develop some form of cancer during their lifetime. It is one of the most feared diseases, primarily because half of those diagnosed with cancer die from it. There are several treatments available for cancer. Almost all traditional cytotoxic agents suffer from severe toxicities and other undesirable side effects.

Objective: In recent years, the development of targeted medicines has made significant achievements. Unfortunately, though these agents can block key regulators of signaling pathways in cancer, multiple compensatory pathways always attenuate pharmacological effect of single-target drugs. In addition, poor response rates and acquired drug resistance also represent a significant barrier to widespread use of targeted medicines. More recently, a number of combinatorial therapies have expanded treatment options, which can directly block several key signaling pathways and create a synergistic effect.

Conclusion: Therefore, in order to overcome these barriers, the present investigation aims to develop a new strategy for designing a single molecule with inhibition of two receptors (PARP1 and STAT3) simultaneously and producing enhanced anti-cancer activity with less and/or null toxicity.

Keywords: Cancer, cytotoxic agent, dual inhibitor, PARP1, STAT3, side effect.

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