Background: The Brain is the most complex organ of human body with millions of connections and activations. The electromagnetic signals are generated inside the brain due to a mental or physical task performed. These signals excite a bunch of neurons within a particular lobe depending upon nature of task performed. To localize this activity, certain machine learning (ML) techniques in conjunction with a neuroimaging technique (M/EEG, fMRI, PET) are developed. Different ML techniques are provided in literature for brain source localization. Among them, the most common are: minimum norm estimation (MNE), low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) and Bayesian framework based multiple sparse priors (MSP).
Aims: In this research work, EEG is used as a neuroimaging technique.
Methods: EEG data is synthetically generated at SNR=5dB. Afterwards, ML techniques are applied to estimate the active sources. Each dataset is run for multiple trials (>40). The performance is analyzed using free energy and localization error as performance indicators. Furthermore, MSP is applied with variant number of patches to observe the impact of patches on source localization.
Results: It is observed that with increased number of patches, the sources are localized with more precision and accuracy as expressed in terms of free energy and localization error respectively.
Conclusion: The patches optimization within Bayesian Framework produces improved results in terms of free energy and localization error.