The Valuable Impacts of Halophytic Genus Suaeda; Nutritional, Chemical, and Biological Values

Author(s): Hamdoon A. Mohammed*

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 16 , Issue 8 , 2020


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Suaeda is a halophytic genus belonging to the Amaranthaceae family and can survive in the high salted marsh areas of the world. Suaeda plants can biosynthesize natural substances with powerful antioxidant activity and are considered as a renewable source of energy, food, and edible oil for a larger number of populations living in the harsh environment with high salinity and drought conditions. These plants also meet folk and alternative medicines' needs.

Methods: The review encompasses available scientific literature related to folk medicinal uses of Suaeda plants, their nutritional values, and chemical constituents. In addition, the biological trials applied for the Suaeda plants are also part of the review. The review covers the researches from major science literature search engines and other sites representing scientific literature, i.e., Scifinder, Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Google. The searches were programmed on the advance options available in the search engines and are latest up to November 2019. The searches were exhaustive and rechecked for accuracy.

Conclusion: The study summarizes the uses of Suaeda plants as a remedy for various ailments due to their contents from the polyphenols and flavonoids. The comparatively large amounts of fixed oils, minerals, and vitamins in Suaeda plants have also made them potential renewable sources for foods.

Keywords: Halophyte, suaeda, amaranthaceae, renewable foods, flavonoids, polyphenolics.

[1]
Singh, S.; Awasthi, M.; Pandey, V.P.; Dwivedi, U.N. Natural products as anticancerous therapeutic molecules with special reference to enzymatic targets topoisomerase, COX, LOX and aromatase. Curr. Protein Pept. Sci., 2018, 19(3), 238-274.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1389203718666170106102223] [PMID: 28059043]
[2]
Dejon, L.; Mohammed, H.; Du, P.; Jacob, C.; Speicher, A. Synthesis of chromenoindole derivatives from robinia pseudoacacia. MedChemComm, 2013, 4, 1580-1583.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11095-010-0085-y] [PMID: 20238150]
[3]
Abdel-Aziz, M.M.; Al-Omar, M.S.; Mohammed, H.A.; Emam, T.M. In vitro and Ex Vivo antibiofilm activity of a lipopeptide biosurfactant produced by the entomopathogenic beauveria bassiana strain against microsporum canis. Microorganisms, 2020, 8, 232.
[4]
Weiss, R.F. Herbal Medicine., 1988.
[5]
Benzie, I.F.F.; Wachtel-Galor, S. Herbal Medicine: Biomolecular and Clinical Aspects., 2011.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/b10787]
[6]
Cronquist, A.; Thorne, R.F. Nomenclatural and Taxonomic History. In: Behnke, HD.; Mabry, T.J. (Eds) Caryophyllales. Springer, Berlin: Heidelberg,; , 1994; pp. 5-25.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-78220-6_2]
[7]
Kadereit, G.; Borsch, T.; Weising, K.; Freitag, H. Phylogeny of Amaranthaceae and Chenopodiaceae and the Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis. Int. J. Plant Sci., 2003, 164, 959-986.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/378649]
[8]
Flowers, T.J.; Hajibagheri, M.A.; Clipson, N.J.W. Halophytes. Q. Rev. Biol., 1986, 61, 313-337.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/415032]
[9]
O’leary, J.W.; Glenn, E.P. Global distribution and potential for halophytes. In: Squires V.R.; Ayoub A.T. (Eds) Halophytes as a resource for livestock and for rehabilitation of degraded lands. Tasks for vegetation science; , 1994; vol. 32, .
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0818-8_2]
[10]
Jewell, M.C.; Campbell, B.C.; Godwin, I.D. Transgenic Plants for Abiotic Stress Resistance. In: Kole, C.; Michler, C.H.; Abbott, A.G.; Hall, T.C, Eds. Transgenic Crop Plants. Springer, Berlin: Heidelberg, 2010.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-04812-8_2]
[11]
Karray-Bouraoui, N.; Harbaoui, F.; Rabhi, M.; Jallali, I.; Ksouri, R.; Attia, H.; Msilini, N.; Lachaâl, M. Different Antioxidant Responses to Salt Stress in Two Different Provenances of Carthamus Tinctorius L. Acta Physiol. Plant., 2011, 33, 1435-1444.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-010-0679-3]
[12]
Aronson, J. Economic halophytes - a global review. Plants for Arid Lands. 1985, 177-188.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-6830-4_13]
[13]
Laudadio, V.; Tufarelli, V.; Dario, M.; Hammadi, M.; Seddik, M.M.; Lacalandra, G.M.; Dario, C. A survey of chemical and nutritional characteristics of halophytes plants used by camels in Southern Tunisia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 2009, 41(2), 209-215.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-008-9177-7] [PMID: 18500670]
[14]
Qasim, M.; Abideen, Z.; Adnan, M.Y.; Gulzar, S.; Gul, B.; Rasheed, M.; Khan, M.A. Antioxidant Properties, Phenolic Composition, Bioactive Compounds and Nutritive Value of Medicinal Halophytes Commonly Used as Herbal Teas. S. Afr. J. Bot., 2017, 110, 240-250.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sajb.2016.10.005]
[15]
Ferris, R.S.; Ferris, R.S. Native Shrubs of the San Francisco Bay Region; , 1968, Vol. 24, .
[16]
Hopkins, C.O.; Blackwell, Jr, W.H. Synopsis of Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. SIDA Contrib. Bot., 1977, 147-173.
[17]
Leuschner, C.; Ellenberg, H. Salt Marshes and Inland Saline Habitats. Ecology of Central European Non-Forest Vegetation: Coastal to Alpine. Natural to Man-Made Habitats 2017, 3-61.
[18]
Reyes, E.A.; Flores-Olvera, H. Suaeda Pulvinata (Chenopodiaceae), a New Species from Saline Lakes of Central Mexico. Willdenowia, 2013, 43, 309-315.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3372/wi.43.43211]
[19]
Fisher, D.; Schenk, H.; Thorsch, J.; Ferren, W. Jr Leaf anatomy and subgeneric affiliations of C3 and C4 species of Suaeda (Chenopodiaceae) in North America. Am. J. Bot., 1997, 84(9), 1198-1210.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2446043] [PMID: 21708674]
[20]
Panta, S.; Flowers, T.; Lane, P.; Doyle, R.; Haros, G.; Shabala, S. Halophyte Agriculture: Success Stories. Environ. Exp. Bot., 2014, 107, 71-83.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2014.05.006]
[21]
Wang, L.; Zhao, Z-Y.; Zhang, K.; Tian, C-Y. Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Dimorphic Seeds of Desert Halophyte Suaeda Aralocaspica. Afr. J. Agric. Res., 2012, 7, 1910-1914.
[22]
Castetter, E.F. Uncultivated Native Plants Used as Sources of Food., 1935.
[23]
Stoffle, R.W.; Halmo, D.B.; Evans, M.; Olmsted, J.E. Calculating the Cultural Significance of American Indian Plants: Paiute and Shoshone Ethnobotany at Yucca Mountain, Nevada. Am. Anthropol., 1990, 92, 416-432.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/aa.1990.92.2.02a00100]
[24]
Yanovsky, E. Food Plants of the North American Indians., 1936.
[25]
Ahmad, P.; Jaleel, C.A.; Salem, M.A.; Nabi, G.; Sharma, S. Roles of enzymatic and nonenzymatic antioxidants in plants during abiotic stress. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol., 2010, 30(3), 161-175.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07388550903524243] [PMID: 20214435]
[26]
Wang, X.; Bai, J.; Wang, W.; Zhang, G. Leaf metabolites profiling between red and green phenotypes of Suaeda salsa by widely targeted metabolomics. Funct. Plant Biol., 2019.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP18182] [PMID: 31155029]
[27]
Ravindran, K.C.; Kumar, N.M.; Amirthalingam, V.; Ranganathan, R.; Chellappan, K.P.; Kulandaivelu, G. Influence of UV-B Supplemental Radiation on Growth and Pigment Content in Suaeda Maritima L. Biol. Plant., 2001, 44, 467-469.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1012404523757]
[28]
Li, Y.; Cui, L.; Yao, X.; Ding, X.; Pan, X.; Zhang, M.; Li, W.; Kang, X. Trade-off between Leaf Chlorophyll and Betacyanins in Suaeda Salsa in the Liaohe Estuary Wetland in Northeast China. J. Plant Ecol., 2017, 11, 569-575.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jpe/rtx025]
[29]
Hall, J.L.; Harvey, D.M.R.; Flowers, T.J. Evidence for the cytoplasmic localization of betaine in leaf cells of Suaeda maritima. Planta, 1978, 140(1), 59-62.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00389380] [PMID: 24414361]
[30]
Vanga, U.R.; Peddinti, N. Phytochemical Screening, Antibacterial, Antioxidant and Anthelmintic Activities of Suaeda Nudiflora (Willd.). Moq. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Rev. Res., 2014, 29, 320-327.
[31]
Ullah, S.; Bano, A.; Girmay, S.; Tan, G. Anticancer, Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Suaeda Fruticosa Related to Its Phytochemical Screening. Int. J. Phytomed., 2012, 4, 284.
[32]
Mohammed, H.A.; Al-Omar, M.S.; Aly, M.S.A.; Hegazy, M.M. Essential Oil Constituents and Biological Activities of the Halophytic Plants, Suaeda Vermiculata Forssk and Salsola Cyclophylla Bakera Growing in Saudi Arabia. J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants, 2019, 1-12.
[33]
Mohammed, H.A.; Al-Omar, M.S.; El-Readi, M.Z.; Alhowail, A.H.; Aldubayan, M.A.; Abdellatif, A.A.H. Formulation of Ethyl Cellulose Microparticles Incorporated Pheophytin A Isolated from Suaeda vermiculata for Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities. Molecules, 2019, 24(8), 1501.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules24081501] [PMID: 30999569]
[34]
Kabera, J.N.; Semana, E.; Mussa, A.R.; He, X. Plant Secondary Metabolites: Biosynthesis, Classification, Function and Pharmacological Properties. J. Pharm. Pharmacol., 2014, 2, 377-392.
[35]
Singh, B.; Bhat, T.K.; Singh, B. Potential therapeutic applications of some antinutritional plant secondary metabolites. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51(19), 5579-5597.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf021150r] [PMID: 12952405]
[36]
Wallace, R.J. Antimicrobial properties of plant secondary metabolites. Proc. Nutr. Soc., 2004, 63(4), 621-629.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/PNS2004393] [PMID: 15831135]
[37]
Arockiya Aarthi Rajathi, F.; Arumugam, R.; Saravanan, S.; Anantharaman, P. Phytofabrication of gold nanoparticles assisted by leaves of Suaeda monoica and its free radical scavenging property. J. Photochem. Photobiol. B, 2014, 135, 75-80.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2014.03.016] [PMID: 24811828]
[38]
Oueslati, S.; Ksouri, R.; Falleh, H.; Pichette, A.; Abdelly, C.; Legault, J. Phenolic Content, Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory and Anticancer Activities of the Edible Halophyte Suaeda Fruticosa Forssk. Food Chem., 2012, 132, 943-947.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2011.11.072]
[39]
Wang, Q.; Zhou, D.; Wang, M.; Zhao, Y.; Chen, Y.; Yin, M.; Feng, X. Chemical Constituents of Suaeda Salsa and Their Cytotoxic Activity. Chem. Nat. Compd., 2014, 50, 531-533.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10600-014-1005-x]
[40]
Men, R.; Li, N.; Xing, Y.; Tang, Y.; Tan, C.; Meng, F.; Zhang, J.; Ni, H.; Jia, X. Chemical Constituents and ACE Inhibitory Activity of Desert Plant Suaeda Physophora Pall. Acta Pharm. Sin. B, 2013, 3, 328-332.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsb.2013.07.003]
[41]
Boulaaba, M.; Snoussi, M.; Saada, M.; Mkadmini, K.; Smaoui, A.; Abdelly, C.; Ksouri, R. Antimicrobial Activities and Phytochemical Analysis of Tamarix Gallica Extracts. Ind. Crops Prod., 2015, 76, 1114-1122.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.08.020]
[42]
Sakkir, S.; Kabshawi, M.; Mehairbi, M. Medicinal Plants Diversity and Their Conservation Status in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). J. Med. Plants Res., 2012, 6, 1304-1322.
[43]
Thatoi, H.N.; Patra, J.K.; Das, S.K. Free Radical Scavenging and Antioxidant Potential of Mangrove Plants: A Review. Acta Physiol. Plant., 2014, 36, 561-579.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11738-013-1438-z]
[44]
Bandaranayake, W.M. Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Mangroves. Mangroves Salt Marshes, 1998, 2, 133-148.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1009988607044]
[45]
An, R-B.; Sohn, D-H.; Jeong, G-S.; Kim, Y-C. In vitro hepatoprotective compounds from Suaeda glauca. Arch. Pharm. Res., 2008, 31(5), 594-597.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12272-001-1198-1] [PMID: 18481014]
[46]
Mohammadi Motamed, S.; Bush, S.; Hosseini Rouzbahani, S.; Karimi, S.; Mohammadipour, N. Total Phenolic and Flavonoid Contents and Antioxidant Activity of Four Medicinal Plants from Hormozgan Province, Iran. Res. J. Pharmacogn., 2016, 3, 17-26.
[47]
Mahasneh, A.M.; Abbas, J.A.; El‐Oqlah, A.A. Antimicrobial Activity of Extracts of Herbal Plants Used in the Traditional Medicine of Bahrain. Phytother. Res., 1996, 10, 251-253.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1573(199605)10:3<251:AID-PTR808>3.0.CO;2-Q]
[48]
Al-Asmari, A.K.; Al-Elaiwi, A.M.; Athar, M.T.; Tariq, M.; Al Eid, A.; Al-Asmary, S.M. A Review of Hepatoprotective Plants Used in Saudi Traditional Medicine. Evidence-Based Complement. Altern. Med., 2014, 2014.
[49]
Patra, J.K.; Dhal, N.K.; Thatoi, H.N. In vitro bioactivity and phytochemical screening of Suaeda maritima (Dumort): a mangrove associate from Bhitarkanika, India. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Med., 2011, 4(9), 727-734.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60182-X] [PMID: 21967697]
[50]
Chamkouri, N.; Khodadoust, S.; Ghalavandi, F. Solid-phase extraction coupled with HPLC-DAD for determination of B vitamin concentrations in halophytes. J. Chromatogr. Sci., 2015, 53(10), 1720-1724.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/bmv080] [PMID: 26153382]
[51]
Ksouri, R.; Ksouri, W.M.; Jallali, I.; Debez, A.; Magné, C.; Hiroko, I.; Abdelly, C. Medicinal halophytes: potent source of health promoting biomolecules with medical, nutraceutical and food applications. Crit. Rev. Biotechnol., 2012, 32(4), 289-326.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/07388551.2011.630647] [PMID: 22129270]
[52]
Abideen, Z.; Qasim, M.; Rizvi, R.F.; Gul, B.; Ansari, R.; Khan, M.A. Oilseed Halophytes: A Potential Source of Biodiesel Using Saline Degraded Lands. Biofuels, 2015, 6, 241-248.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2015.1090812]
[53]
Samuelsson, G.; Farah, M.H.; Claeson, P.; Hagos, M.; Thulin, M.; Hedberg, O.; Warfa, A.M.; Hassan, A.O.; Elmi, A.H.; Abdurahman, A.D. Inventory of plants used in traditional medicine in Somalia. I. Plants of the families Acanthaceae-Chenopodiaceae. J. Ethnopharmacol., 1991, 35(1), 25-63.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-8741(91)90132-W] [PMID: 1753795]
[54]
Premnathan, M.; Chandra, K.; Bajpai, S.K.; Kathiresan, K. A Survey of Some Indian Marine Plants for Antiviral Activity. Bot. Mar., 1992, 35, 321-324.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/botm.1992.35.4.321]
[55]
Al-Said, M.S.; Siddiqui, N.A.; Mukhair, M.A.; Parvez, M.K.; Alam, P.; Ali, M.; Haque, A. A novel monocyclic triterpenoid and a norsesquaterpenol from the aerial parts of Suaeda monoica Forssk. ex J.F. Gmel with cell proliferative potential. Saudi Pharm. J., 2017, 25(7), 1005-1010.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2017.03.008] [PMID: 29158707]
[56]
Lakshmanan, G.; Rajeshkannan, C.; Kavitha, A.; Mekala, B.; Kamaladevi, N. Preliminary Screening of Biologically Active Constituents of Suaeda Monoica and Sesuvium Portulacastrum from Palayakayal Mangrove Forest of Tamilnadu. J. Pharmacog. Phytochem, 2013, 2, 149-152.
[57]
Park, J.M.; Kim, S.D.; Lee, W.M.; Cho, J.Y.; Park, H.J.; Kim, T.W.; Choe, N-H.; Kim, S.K.; Rhee, M.H. In vitro anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of solvent-extracted fractions from Suaeda asparagoides. Pharmazie, 2007, 62(6), 453-458.
[PMID: 17663194]
[58]
Endale, M.; Song, J.C.; Rhee, M.H.; Liu, K-H.; Kim, T-K.; Kwon, J.G.; Park, K.S.; Chung, K-M.; Kim, T.W. Inhibitory effect of Suaeda asparagoides (Miq.) extract on the motility of rat gastric antrum is mediated by β-adrenoceptor. Lab. Anim. Res., 2011, 27(4), 317-325.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5625/lar.2011.27.4.317] [PMID: 22232640]
[59]
Fu, X-M.; Zhang, M-Q.; Shao, C-L.; Li, G-Q.; Bai, H.; Dai, G-L.; Chen, Q-W.; Kong, W.; Fu, X-J.; Wang, C-Y. Chinese Marine Materia Medica Resources: Status and Potential. Mar. Drugs, 2016, 14(3), 46.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/md14030046] [PMID: 26950133]
[60]
Oueslati, S.; Trabelsi, N.; Boulaaba, M.; Legault, J.; Abdelly, C.; Ksouri, R. Evaluation of Antioxidant Activities of the Edible and Medicinal Suaeda Species and Related Phenolic Compounds. Ind. Crops Prod., 2012, 36, 513-518.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2011.10.006]
[61]
Kubiak-Martens, L.; Brinkkemper, O.; Oudemans, T.F.M. What’s for Dinner? Processed Food in the Coastal Area of the Northern Netherlands in the Late Neolithic. Veg. Hist. Archaeobot., 2015, 24, 47-62.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00334-014-0485-8]
[62]
Zhang, Z.; Wang, T.; Han, S.; Kang, H.; Shi, S. Effect of suaeda salsa extracts on blood lipid in hyperlipemia hamsters. Food Sci. Technol., 2012, 12.
[63]
Dolatkhahi, M.; Nabipour, I. Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used in the Northeast Latrine Zone of Persian Gulf. Faslnamah-i Giyahan-i Daruyi, 2014, 2, 129-143.
[64]
Bye, R.A.; Linares, E. The Role of Plants Found in the Mexican Markets and Their Importance in Ethnobotanical Studies. J. Ethnobiol., 1983, 3, 1-13.
[65]
Temel, S.; Sürmen, M.; Tan, M. Effects of Growth Stages on the Nutritive Value of Specific Halophyte Species in Saline Grasslands. J. Anim. Plant Sci., 2015, 25, 1419-1428.
[66]
Kakrani, H.N.; Saluja, A.K. Plants Used for Diuretic Activity in Traditional Medicine in Kutch District, Gujarat. J. Nat. Rem., 2001, 1, 121-124.
[67]
Felger, R.S.; Moser, M.B. Seri Indian Pharmacopoeia. Econ. Bot., 1973, 28, 415-436.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02862858]
[68]
Khan, M.A.; Ungar, I.A. Biology of Salt Tolerant Plants., 1995.
[69]
Phondani, P.C.; Bhatt, A.; Elsarrag, E.; Horr, Y.A. Ethnobotanical magnitude towards sustainable utilization of wild foliage in Arabian Desert. J. Tradit. Complement. Med., 2015, 6(3), 209-218.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jtcme.2015.03.003] [PMID: 27419083]
[70]
Nedjimi, B. Measurement of Selenium in Two Algerian Chenopods (Atriplex Canescens (Pursh.) Nutt. and Suaeda Fruticosa (Linn.) Forssk). Measurement, 2018, 129, 256-259.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2018.07.029]
[71]
Esfahan, E.Z.; Assareh, M.H.; Jafari, M.; Jafari, A.A.; Javadi, S.A.; Karimi, G. Phenological Effects on Forage Quality of Two Halophyte Species Atriplex Leucoclada and Suaeda Vermiculata in Four Saline Rangelands of Iran. J. Food Agric. Environ., 2010, 8, 999-1003.
[72]
Le Houerou, H-N Forage Halophytes in the Mediterranean Basin. Halophytes biosaline Agric., 1995, 115-136.
[73]
Glenn, E.P.; Riley, J.J.; Swingle, R.S.; Mota, C.U.; Watson, M.C.; Squires, V.R. North American Halophytes: Potential Use in Animal Husbandry. Halophytes as a resource for livestock and for rehabilitation of degraded lands. 1994, 165-174.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-011-0818-8_12]
[74]
Capriles, J.M. The Economic Organization of Early Camelid Pastoralism in the Andean Highlands of Bolivia., 2014.
[75]
Ladeiro, B. Saline Agriculture in the 21st Century: Using Salt Contaminated Resources to Cope Food Requirements. J. Bot.,2012, 2012.
[76]
Peña-Chocarro, L.; Zapata, L. Trade and New Plant Foods in the Western Atlantic Coast: The Roman Port of Irun (Basque Country). Mar Exter. el Occident. atlánfico en época Rom., 2005, 169-177.
[77]
Li, W.; Liu, X.; Ajmal Khan, M.; Yamaguchi, S. The effect of plant growth regulators, nitric oxide, nitrate, nitrite and light on the germination of dimorphic seeds of Suaeda salsa under saline conditions. J. Plant Res., 2005, 118(3), 207-214.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10265-005-0212-8] [PMID: 15937723]
[78]
Ravikumar, S.; Gnanadesigan, M.; Seshserebiah, J.; Jacob Inbaneson, S. Hepatoprotective Effect of an Indian Salt Marsh Herb Suaeda Monoica Forsk. Ex. Gmel against Concanavalin-A Induced Toxicity in Rats. Life Sci. Med. Res., 2010, 2, 1-9.
[79]
Ishnava, K.; Ramarao, V.; Mohan, J.S.S.; Kothari, I.L. Ecologically Important and Life Supporting Plants of Little Rann of Kachchh, Gujarat. J. Ecol. Nat. Environ., 2011, 3, 33-38.
[80]
Cybulska, I.; Brudecki, G.; Alassali, A.; Thomsen, M.; Brown, J.J. Phytochemical Composition of Some Common Coastal Halophytes of the United Arab Emirates. Emir. J. Food Agric., 2014, 26, 1046-1057.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.v26i12.19104]
[81]
Darling, R.C.M.; Maxwell-Darling, R.C. Notes on the Food of Camels on the Red Sea Coast and in North Eastern Kordofan. Sudan Notes Rec., 1938, 21, 189-195.
[82]
Harvey, D.M.R.; Hall, J.L.; Flowers, T.J.; Kent, B. Quantitative ion localization within Suaeda maritima leaf mesophyll cells. Planta, 1981, 151(6), 555-560.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00387435] [PMID: 24302209]
[83]
Khan, M.A.; Ungar, I.A.; Showalter, A.M. The Effect of Salinity on the Growth, Water Status, and Ion Content of a Leaf Succulent Perennial Halophyte, Suaeda Fruticosa (L.). Forssk. J. Arid Environ., 2000, 45, 73-84.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jare.1999.0617]
[84]
Sudjaroen, Y. Evaluation for Nutritive Values and Antioxidant Activities of Dried Seablite (Suaeda Maritima). Sci. Res. Essays, 2015, 10, 306-312.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/SRE2015.6203]
[85]
Pornpitakdamrong, A.; Sudjaroen, Y. Seablite (Suaeda Maritima) Product for Cooking, Samut Songkram Province, Thailand. Food Nutr. Sci., 2014, 5, 850.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/fns.2014.59094]
[86]
Joseph, D.; Chakraborty, K.; Subin, C.S.; Vijayan, K.K. Halophytes of Chenopodiaceae and Aizoaceae from South-East Coast of India as Potential Sources of Essential Nutrients and Antioxidants. J. Food Nutr. Res., 2013, 1, 97-107.
[87]
Li, C.; Tang, B.; Jiang, S. Chemical Composition and Nutritional Evaluation of the Seeds of Suaeda Salsa (L.). Pall. J. Food Nutr. Res., 2017, 5, 22-26.
[88]
Li, Q.; Song, J. Analysis of widely targeted metabolites of the euhalophyte Suaeda salsa under saline conditions provides new insights into salt tolerance and nutritional value in halophytic species. BMC Plant Biol., 2019, 19(1), 388.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12870-019-2006-5] [PMID: 31492100]
[89]
Vizetto-Duarte, C.; Figueiredo, F.; Rodrigues, M.J.; Polo, C.; Rešek, E.; Custódio, L. Sustainable Valorization of Halophytes from the Mediterranean Area: A Comprehensive Evaluation of Their Fatty Acid Profile and Implications for Human and Animal Nutrition. Sustainability, 2019, 11, 2197.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su11082197]
[90]
Wang, L.; Zhang, K.; Huang, W.; Han, W.; Tian, C-Y. Seed Oil Content and Fatty Acid Composition of Annual Halophyte Suaeda Acuminata: A Comparative Study on Dimorphic Seeds. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 2011, 10, 19106-19108.
[91]
Weber, D.J.; Ansari, R.; Gul, B.; Khan, M.A. Potential of Halophytes as Source of Edible Oil. J. Arid Environ., 2007, 68, 315-321.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.05.010]
[92]
Xu, B.; Zhang, M.; Xing, C.; Mothibe, K.J.; Zhu, C. Composition, Characterisation and Analysis of Seed Oil of S Uaeda Salsa L. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2013, 48, 879-885.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ijfs.12040]
[93]
Buhmann, A.; Papenbrock, J. An Economic Point of View of Secondary Compounds in Halophytes. Funct. Plant Biol., 2013, 40, 952-967.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP12342]
[94]
Stanković, M.S.; Petrović, M.; Godjevac, D.; Stevanović, Z.D. Screening Inland Halophytes from the Central Balkan for Their Antioxidant Activity in Relation to Total Phenolic Compounds and Flavonoids: Are There Any Prospective Medicinal Plants? J. Arid Environ., 2015, 120, 26-32.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2015.04.008]
[95]
Kang, K-Y.; Hwang, Y-H.; Lee, S-J.; Kim, J-J.; Nam, S-J.; Yee, S-T. Verification of the Antioxidant Activity of a Subterranean Part of Suaeda Japonica Makino. Ind. Crops Prod., 2017, 109, 836-842.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.09.049]
[96]
Alhdad, G.M.; Seal, C.E.; Al-Azzawi, M.J.; Flowers, T.J. The Effect of Combined Salinity and Waterlogging on the Halophyte Suaeda Maritima: The Role of Antioxidants. Environ. Exp. Bot., 2013, 87, 120-125.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.10.010]
[97]
Fazly Bazzaz, B.S.; Haririzadeh, G.; Imami, S.A.; Rashed, M.H. Survey of Iranian Plants for Alkaloids, Flavonoids, Saponins, and Tannins. Int. J. Pharmacogn., 1997, 35, 17-30.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1076/phbi.35.1.17.13275]
[98]
Abdellatif, A.G.; Mohammed, H.A.; Elshalmany, S.K.; Phytochemical, B.A.J. Int. J. Pharm. Res. Sch., 2014, 3, 891-896.
[99]
Ali, A.; Ekbal, A-K.; Suhad, A-M.S. Phytochemical Investigation of Suaeda Baccata (Chenopodiaceae). Al-Mustansiriyah. J. Pharm. Sci., 2005, 2, 51-57.
[100]
Saïdana, D.; Mahjoub, S.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Chéraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N. Antibacterial and Antifungal Activities of the Essential Oils of Two Saltcedar Species from Tunisia. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 2008, 85, 817.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11746-008-1251-9]
[101]
Ali, I.; Bibi, S.; Hussain, H.; Bano, F.; Ali, S.; Khan, S.W.; Ahmad, V.U.; Al-Harrasi, A. Biological Activities of Suaeda Heterophylla and Bergenia Stracheyi. Asian Pac. J. Trop. Dis., 2014, 4, S885-S889.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2222-1808(14)60752-0]
[102]
Cho, J-Y.; Yang, X.; Park, K-H.; Park, H.J.; Park, S-Y.; Moon, J-H.; Ham, K-S. Isolation and Identification of Antioxidative Compounds and Their Activities from Suaeda Japonica. Food Sci. Biotechnol., 2013, 22, 1547-1557.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10068-013-0250-2]
[103]
Oueslati, S.; Ksouri, R.; Pichette, A.; Lavoie, S.; Girard-Lalancette, K.; Mshvildadze, V.; Abdelly, C.; Legault, J. A new flavonol glycoside from the medicinal halophyte Suaeda fruticosa. Nat. Prod. Res., 2014, 28(13), 960-966.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14786419.2014.900771] [PMID: 24945315]
[104]
Park, S.N.; Kim, S.Y.; Lim, G.N.; Jo, N.R.; Lee, M.H. In vitro skin permeation and cellular protective effects of flavonoids isolated from suaeda asparagoides extracts. J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 2012, 18, 680-683.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2011.11.126]
[105]
Qiu, P.; Wang, Q.Z.; Yin, M.; Wang, M.; Zhao, Y.Y.; Shan, Y.; Feng, X. [Chemical Constituents of Ethyl Acetate Fraction of Suaeda glauca] Zhong Yao Cai, 2015, 38(4), 751-753.
[PMID: 26672340]
[106]
Wang, Q.; Zhou, D.; Chen, Y.; Guan, F.; Yin, M.; Liu, F.; Shan, Y. Flavonoids from Suaeda Salsa II. Isolation, Structural Determination, and Antioxidant Activity. Chem. Nat. Compd., 2018, 54, 354-355.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10600-018-2343-x]
[107]
Rajendran, N.; Subramaniam, S.; Raja, M.R.C.; Brindha, P.; Kar Mahapatra, S.; Sivasubramanian, A. Plant phenyl-propanoids-conjugated silver nanoparticles from edible plant Suaeda maritima (L.) dumort. Inhibit proliferation of K562-human myeloid leukemia cells. Artif. Cells Nanomed. Biotechnol., 2017, 45(7), 1336-1342.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/21691401.2016.1236803] [PMID: 27677829]
[108]
Singh, S.; Mann, R.; Sharma, S.K. Phytochemical Investigation of Suaeda Maritima (L.). Dumort. Stem. J. Biol. Sci. Opin., 2013, 1, 297-299.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.7897/2321-6328.01402]
[109]
Abd El-Latif, R.R.; Mansour, R.M.A.; Sharaf, M.; Farag, A. Three new flavonol glycosides from Suaeda maritima. J. Asian Nat. Prod. Res., 2014, 16(5), 434-439.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2014.902373] [PMID: 24679058]
[110]
Wang, Q.; Qiu, P.; Guan, F.; Shan, Y.; Yin, M.; Feng, X.; Liu, F. A New Isoflavane from Suaeda Glauca. Chem. Nat. Compd., 2018, 54, 38-40.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10600-018-2254-x]
[111]
Wang, Q-Z.; Qiu, P.; Liu, F.; Wang, B.; Guan, F-Q.; Feng, X.; Xu, S. Suaeglaucin A, a new coumaronochromone from Suaeda glauca. J. Asian Nat. Prod. Res., 2018, 20(11), 1081-1087.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10286020.2017.1415330] [PMID: 29261345]
[112]
Wu, H.; Liu, X.; You, L.; Zhang, L.; Zhou, D.; Feng, J.; Zhao, J.; Yu, J. Effects of Salinity on Metabolic Profiles, Gene Expressions, and Antioxidant Enzymes in Halophyte Suaeda Salsa. J. Plant Growth Regul., 2012, 31, 332-341.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00344-011-9244-6]
[113]
Ravikumar, S.; Gnanadesigan, M.; Inbaneson, S.J.; Kalaiarasi, A. Hepatoprotective and Antioxidant Properties of Suaeda Maritima (L.)., 2011.
[114]
Banerjee, D.; Chakrabarti, S.; Hazra, A.K.; Banerjee, S.; Ray, J.; Mukherjee, B. Antioxidant Activity and Total Phenolics of Some Mangroves in Sundarbans. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 2008, 7.
[115]
Nishanthini, A.; Ruba, A.A.; Mohan, V.R. Total phenolic, flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf of suaeda monoica forssk ex. Gmel (Chenopodiaceae). Int. J. Adv. Life Sci., 2012, 1, 34-43.
[116]
Zhang, Y.T.; Zheng, Q.S.; Pan, J.; Zheng, R.L. Oxidative damage of biomolecules in mouse liver induced by morphine and protected by antioxidants. Basic Clin. Pharmacol. Toxicol., 2004, 95(2), 53-58.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2004.950202.x] [PMID: 15379780]
[117]
Arteel, G.E. Oxidants and antioxidants in alcohol-induced liver disease. Gastroenterology, 2003, 124(3), 778-790.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/gast.2003.50087] [PMID: 12612915]
[118]
Rehman, J.U.; Saqib, N.U.; Akhtar, N.; Jamshaid, M.; Asif, H.M.; Sultana, S.; Rehman, R.U. Hepatoprotective Activity of Aqueous-Methanolic Extract of Suaeda Fruticosa in Paracetamol-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rabbits. Bangladesh J. Pharmacol., 2013, 8, 378-381.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3329/bjp.v8i4.16631]
[119]
Kang, H.; Koppula, S.; Kim, H-K.; Park, T-K. Suaeda Japonica Makino Attenuates Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Neuro-Inflammatory Responses in BV-2 Microglia via NF-Kappa B Signaling. Trop. J. Pharm. Res., 2013, 12, 351-356.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/tjpr.v12i3.12]
[120]
Satyavani, K.; Gurudeeban, S.; Ramanathan, T.; Balasubramanian, T. Toxicity Study of Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized from Suaeda monoica on Hep-2 Cell Line. Avicenna J. Med. Biotechnol., 2012, 4(1), 35-39.
[PMID: 23407847]
[121]
Sudjaroen, Y. Lack of in Vitro Anticancer and Antimicrobial Activities in Suaeda Maritima (Seablite). Crude Extracts. J. Pharm. Negat. Results, 2014, 5, 45.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-9234.136796]
[122]
Rashid, S.; Iftekhar, Q.; Arshad, M.; Iqbal, J. Chemical Composition and Antibacterial Activity of Suaeda Fruticosa Forsk. from Cholistan, Pakistan. Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 2000, 3, 348-349.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2000.348.349]
[123]
Lincy, M.P.; Paulpriya, K.; Mohan, V.R. Pharmacochemical Characterisation And Antibacterial Activity Of Suaeda Monoica Leaf Forssk Ex Gmel; Chenopodiaceae, 2013, p. 4.
[124]
Benwahhoud, M.; Jouad, H.; Eddouks, M.; Lyoussi, B. Hypoglycemic effect of Suaeda fruticosa in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2001, 76(1), 35-38.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00207-0] [PMID: 11378278]
[125]
Zhang, J.Y.; Li, M.H.; Xu, L.M.; Wang, Z.J. Effect of Suaeda Seed Oil on Blood-Fat and Immunologic Function of Mouse. Occup. Health (Lond.), 2008, 24, 1529-1530.
[126]
Suganthy, N.; Pandian, S.K.; Devi, K.P. Cholinesterase inhibitory effects of Rhizophora lamarckii, Avicennia officinalis, Sesuvium portulacastrum and Suaeda monica: Mangroves inhabiting an Indian coastal area (Vellar Estuary). J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem., 2009, 24(3), 702-707.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14756360802334719] [PMID: 18686140]
[127]
Rashid, M.M.; Hussain, M.S.; Rashid, M.M.O.; Halim, M.A.; Sen, N.; Millat, M.S.; Sarker, M.A. In Vivo Analgesic Potential in Swiss Albino Mice and in Vitro Thrombolytic and Membrane Stabilizing Activities of Methanolic Extract from Suaeda Maritima Whole Plant. Bagcilar Med Bull, 2017, 2, 13-18.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.5350/BMB20170306094829]
[128]
Hong, S.; Lee, H-A.; Lee, Y-S.; Kim, D-W.; Jeong, J-H.; Kim, T-W.; Kim, O. Anti-Toxoplasmosis Effect of the Halophyte Suaeda Maritime. Korean J. Plant Resour., 2014, 27, 415-420.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.7732/kjpr.2014.27.5.415]
[129]
Mohammed, H.A. Behavioral evaluation of the effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of suaeda vermiculata forssk on rats. Cent. Nerv. Syst. Agents Med. Chem., 2020, 20(2), 122-127.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1871524920666200319142536]


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 8
Year: 2020
Page: [1044 - 1057]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/1573406416666200224115004

Article Metrics

PDF: 25
HTML: 2