Background: The advent of wireless sensor networks makes it possible to track the
events even in the remotest areas that too without human intervention. But severe resource constraints,
generally energy of sensor nodes push researchers worldwide to develop energy efficient
protocols in order to accomplish the application objectives of these networks.
Objective: However, till date there is no energy efficient routing protocol which provides uniformity
with maximum resource utilization for WSNs.
Methods: In this paper, a Uniform Clustering Algorithm for Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor
Networks (UCAEE) has been proposed. UCAEE is a base station controlled algorithm where entire
sensing area is partitioned into uniform clusters. The motive of the algorithm is to split the
sensing area into uniform clusters and to select cluster heads and gate-way nodes within each cluster
so that the network energy can be balanced in a best possible way.
Results: Simulation results indicate that proposed UCAEE algorithm conserves more energy than
its contemporary clustering algorithms like LEACH, PEGASIS and SECA and promises better
network lifetime of wireless sensor networks.
Conclusion: UCAEE achieves minimum energy consumption during data transmission and reception.