UCAEE: Uniform Clustering Algorithm for Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks

Author(s): Karuna Babber*

Journal Name: International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control

Volume 11 , Issue 3 , 2021


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Abstract:

Background: The advent of wireless sensor networks makes it possible to track the events even in the remotest areas that too without human intervention. But severe resource constraints, generally energy of sensor nodes push researchers worldwide to develop energy efficient protocols in order to accomplish the application objectives of these networks.

Objective: However, till date there is no energy efficient routing protocol which provides uniformity with maximum resource utilization for WSNs.

Methods: In this paper, a Uniform Clustering Algorithm for Energy Efficiency in Wireless Sensor Networks (UCAEE) has been proposed. UCAEE is a base station controlled algorithm where entire sensing area is partitioned into uniform clusters. The motive of the algorithm is to split the sensing area into uniform clusters and to select cluster heads and gate-way nodes within each cluster so that the network energy can be balanced in a best possible way.

Results: Simulation results indicate that proposed UCAEE algorithm conserves more energy than its contemporary clustering algorithms like LEACH, PEGASIS and SECA and promises better network lifetime of wireless sensor networks.

Conclusion: UCAEE achieves minimum energy consumption during data transmission and reception.

Keywords: Clustering, sub-clusters, cluster heads, gateway node, base station, wireless sensor networks.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 11
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2021
Published on: 21 February, 2020
Page: [304 - 313]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/2210327910666200221141545
Price: $25

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