Barium- and Bismuth-loaded Clinoptilolite Micro- and Nano-Particles as Proposed New Efficient Contrast Agents

Author(s): Asieh Hosseini, Alireza Ebadollahi-Natanzi, Mohammad Foroughi, Seyed V. Shetab-Boushehri*.

Journal Name: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Accelerated Technologies for Biotechnology, Bioassays, Medicinal Chemistry and Natural Products Research

Volume 23 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Aims and Objective: Clinoptilolite is one of the natural zeolites. Clinoptilolite particles have a high surface area, negative surface charge, cation adsorption and exchange capacities. Barium sulfate (BaSO4) and bismuth subnitrate (Bi5H9N4O22) suspensions have been used for upper and lower gastrointestinal imaging but Ba2+ and Bi3+ ions are toxic. In the present study, the feasibility of the application of Ba2+- and Bi3+-loaded clinoptilolite micro- and nano-particles in medical imaging was investigated.

Materials and Methods: Nanoparticles and microparticles of natural clinoptilolite were loaded with Ba2+ and Bi3+ ions. Radiopacities of loaded particles were measured and compared with those of BaSO4 and Bi5H9N4O22.

Results: Ba2+- and Bi3+-loaded clinoptilolite nanoparticles and microparticles showed more intense X-ray opacities than BaSO4 and Bi5H9N4O22 with equimolar concentrations. Moreover, Ba2+- and Bi3+-loaded clinoptilolite nanoparticles more intensely absorbed X-ray than respective loaded microparticles.

Conclusion: The present study proposes Ba2+- and Bi3+-loaded clinoptilolite nanoparticles and microparticles as new, safe, efficient, and inexpensive contrast agents.

Keywords: Contrast agent, nanoparticles, microparticles, clinoptilolite zeolite, barium sulfate, bismuth subnitrate.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Page: [191 - 195]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1386207323666200218113537
Price: $65

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