Precision Medicine Approach in Prostate Cancer

Author(s): Majid Assadi, Narges Jokar, Mojtaba Ghasemi, Iraj Nabipour, Ali Gholamrezanezhad, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 26 , Issue 31 , 2020

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Abstract:

Prostate cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer and the second cause of death in men worldwide. Various diagnostic and treatment procedures are available for this type of malignancy, but High-grade or locally advanced prostate cancers showed the potential to develop to lethal phase that can be causing dead. Therefore, new approaches are needed to prolong patients’ survival and to improve their quality of life. Precision medicine is a novel emerging field that plays an essential role in identifying new sub-classifications of diseases and in providing guidance in treatment that is based on individual multi-omics data. Multi-omics approaches include the use of genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, epigenomics and phenomics data to unravel the complexity of a disease-associated biological network, to predict prognostic biomarkers, and to identify new targeted drugs for individual cancer patients. We review the impact of multi-omics data in the framework of systems biology in the era of precision medicine, emphasising the combination of molecular imaging modalities with highthroughput techniques and the new treatments that target metabolic pathways involved in prostate cancer.

Keywords: Castration-resistant prostate cancer, PSMA Theranostic, prostate biomarker, systems biology, network analysis, metabolic network, precision medicine, omics tool.

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VOLUME: 26
ISSUE: 31
Year: 2020
Published on: 17 September, 2020
Page: [3783 - 3798]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/1381612826666200218104921
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