Antioxidant Profile of Home Prepared Taraxacum Officinale Weber Ex Wigg Beverage

Author(s): Christos Kontogiorgis*, Georgia Eirini Deligiannidou, Vasiliki Karamani, Dimitra Hadjipavlou-Litina, Diamanto Lazari, Athanasios Papadopoulos

Journal Name: Current Nutraceuticals

Volume 1 , Issue 1 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Aromatic plants are quite popular for daily use worldwide. However, little is known about the appropriate preparation of beverages in “house conditions” in order to preserve their beneficial characteristics after processing. Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wigg contains a variety of compounds, with well-documented effects against oxidative stress. This study aims to investigate the optimum preparation conditions of a Taraxacum beverage in the household setting, with respect to its antioxidant characteristics.

Methods: Dried, commercial T. officinale was used to prepare beverages boiling for 1, 3 or 5 min. The beverages were extracted using organic solvents of increasing polarity, and the solid residues of each extraction were examined by in vitro analysis on: the evaluation of total phenolic content (Folin Ciocalteau), the evaluation of antioxidant activity (DPPH and ABTS radicals scavenging), the evaluation of the ability of the tested extracts to compete with DMSO for OH radicals, the ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation of linoleic acid and soybean lipoxygenase inhibition assay.

Results: All preparations had an overall good antioxidant profile. Regarding the chosen solvents, mid polarity solvents were more likely to give better results in all tests conducted, which can be indicative of the compounds extracted in each fraction. Samples prepared under 3 min boiling presented significant interaction with DPPH and strong lipoxygenase and lipid peroxidation inhibition.

Conclusion: As previously observed in the literature, food processing can greatly affect its biochemical characteristics. In the case of Taraxacum, boiling for 3 min resulted in the best overall profile of the beverage with respect to its antioxidant properties. However, due to a variety of components present in each plant, further investigation and stratification, along with in vivo experiments are needed.

Keywords: Taraxacum, extracts, antioxidant, free hydroxyl radicals, ABTS, DPPH, lipid peroxidation, lipoxygenase.

[1]
Willett, W.C.; Sacks, F.; Trichopoulou, A.; Drescher, G.; Ferro-Luzzi, A.; Helsing, E.; Trichopoulos, D. Mediterranean diet pyramid: a cultural model for healthy eating. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 1995, 61(Suppl. 6), 1402S-1406S.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/61.6.1402S] [PMID: 7754995]
[2]
Arnoni, Y.; Berry, E.M. On the Origins and Evolution of the Mediterranean Diet. In: The Mediterranean Diet: An Evidence-Based Approach; Elsevier Inc., 2015; pp. 3-11.
[3]
Milagro, F.I.; Mansego, M.L.; De Miguel, C.; Martínez, J.A. Dietary factors, epigenetic modifications and obesity outcomes: progresses and perspectives. Mol. Aspects Med., 2013, 34(4), 782-812.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mam.2012.06.010] [PMID: 22771541]
[4]
Prasad, C.; Imrhan, V.; Juma, S.; Maziarz, M.; Prasad, A.; Tiernan, C.; Vijayagopal, P. Bioactive plant metabolites in the management of non-communicable metabolic diseases: Looking at opportunities beyond the horizon. Metabolites, 2015, 5(4), 733-765.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/metabo5040733] [PMID: 26703752]
[5]
Cardona, F.; Andrés-Lacueva, C.; Tulipani, S.; Tinahones, F.J.; Queipo-Ortuño, M.I. Benefits of polyphenols on gut microbiota and implications in human health. J. Nutr. Biochem., 2013, 24(8), 1415-1422.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnutbio.2013.05.001] [PMID: 23849454]
[6]
Shen, J.; Wilmot, K.A.; Ghasemzadeh, N.; Molloy, D.L.; Burkman, G.; Mekonnen, G.; Gongora, M.C.; Quyyumi, A.A.; Sperling, L.S. Mediterranean dietary patterns and cardiovascular health. Annu. Rev. Nutr., 2015, 35, 425-449.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-nutr-011215-025104] [PMID: 25974696]
[7]
Lee, H.; Woo, M.; Kim, M.; Noh, J.S.; Song, Y.O. Antioxidative and cholesterol-lowering effects of lemon essential oil in hypercholesterolemia-induced rabbits. Prev. Nutr. Food Sci., 2018, 23(1), 8-14.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3746/pnf.2018.23.1.8] [PMID: 29662842]
[8]
Middleton, E., Jr; Kandaswami, C.; Theoharides, T.C. The effects of plant flavonoids on mammalian cells: implications for inflammation, heart disease, and cancer. Pharmacol. Rev., 2000, 52(4), 673-751.
[PMID: 11121513]
[9]
Ganesan, K.; Xu, B. Polyphenol-rich lentils and their health promoting effects. Int. J. Mol. Sci., 2017, 18(11)E2390
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms18112390] [PMID: 29125587]
[10]
Martinez, M.; Poirrier, P.; Chamy, R.; Prüfer, D.; Schulze-Gronover, C.; Jorquera, L.; Ruiz, G. Taraxacum officinale and related species-An ethnopharmacological review and its potential as a commercial medicinal plant. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2015, 169, 244-262.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.067] [PMID: 25858507]
[11]
Schütz, K.; Carle, R.; Schieber, A. Taraxacum--a review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2006, 107(3), 313-323.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2006.07.021] [PMID: 16950583]
[12]
Jeon, H.J.; Kang, H.J.; Jung, H.J.; Kang, Y.S.; Lim, C.J.; Kim, Y.M.; Park, E.H. Anti-inflammatory activity of Taraxacum officinale. J. Ethnopharmacol., 2008, 115(1), 82-88.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.09.006] [PMID: 17949929]
[13]
Nagy, M. Assessment report on Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wigg., radix cum herba. Europeans Medicine Agency; Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), 2011.Available from:. https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/documents/herbal-report/final-asses sment-report-taraxacum-officinale-weber-ex-wigg-radix-cum-herba_en.pdf (Accessed September 20, 2019).
[14]
Kontogiorgis, C.; Deligiannidou, G.E.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Lazari, D.; Papadopoulos, A. Antioxidant protection: The contribution of proper preparation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) beverage. Ind. Crops Prod., 2016, 79, 57-62.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.10.020]
[15]
Deligiannidou, G-E.; Kontogiorgis, C.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Lazari, D.; Konstantinidis, T.; Papadopoulos, A. Antioxidant Contribution of lavendere (Lavandula angustifolia), sage (Salvia officinalis), tilia (Tilia tomentosa) and sideritis (Sideritis perfoliata) beverages prepared at home. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2018, 3(4), 360-377.
[16]
Ainsworth, E.A.; Gillespie, K.M. Estimation of total phenolic content and other oxidation substrates in plant tissues using Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Nat. Protoc., 2007, 2(4), 875-877.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2007.102] [PMID: 17446889]
[17]
Zheng, W.; Wang, S.Y.; Zheng, W.; Wang, S.Y. Antioxidant activity and phenolic compounds in selected herbs. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2001, 49(11), 5165-5170.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jf010697n] [PMID: 11714298]
[18]
Kontogiorgis, C.; Ntella, M.; Mpompou, L.; Karallaki, F.; Athanasios, P.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Lazari, D. Study of the antioxidant activity of Thymus sibthorpii Bentham (Lamiaceae). J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem., 2016, 31(Sup. 4), 154-159.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14756366.2016.1222583] [PMID: 27612190]
[19]
Proestos, C.; Boziaris, I.S.; Kapsokefalou, M.; Komaitis, M. Natural antioxidant constituents from selected aromatic plants and their antimicrobial activity against selected pathogenic microorganisms. Food Technol. Biotechnol., 2008, 46(2), 151-156.
[20]
Kedare, S.B.; Singh, R.P. Genesis and development of DPPH method of antioxidant assay. J. Food Sci. Technol., 2011, 48(4), 412-422.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-011-0251-1] [PMID: 23572765]
[21]
Patel, I.; Padse, O.; Ingole, Y. Comparative analysis of antioxidant and antidiabetic activity for apple (Malus domestica), banana (Musa paradisiaca) & kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)., National Conference “ACGT;. 2015.
[22]
Guimarães, R.; Barros, L.; Carvalho, A.M.; Ferreira, I.C. Infusions and decoctions of mixed herbs used in folk medicine: synergism in antioxidant potential. Phyther. Res., 2011, 25(8), 1209-1214.
[23]
Arts, M.J.T.J.; Dallinga, S.J.; Voss, H-P.; Haenen, G.R.M. M and Bast, A. A new approach to assess the total antioxidant capacity using the TEAC assay. Food Chem., 2004, 88, 567-570.
[24]
Re, R.; Pellegrini, N.; Proteggente, A.; Pannala, A.; Yang, M.; Rice-Evans, C. Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay. Free Radic. Biol. Med., 1999, 26(9-10), 1231-1237.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0891-5849(98)00315-3] [PMID: 10381194]
[25]
Kiritsakis, K.; Kontominas, M.G.; Kontogiorgis, C.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Moustakas, A.; Kiritsakis, A. Composition and antioxidant activity of olive leaf extracts from Greek olive cultivars.JAOCS. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc., 2010, 87(4), 369-376.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11746-009-1517-x]
[26]
Kontogiorgis, C.; Deligiannidou, G-E.; Hadjipavlou-Litina, D.; Lazari, D.; Papadopoulos, A. Antioxidant protection: The contribution of proper preparation of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) beverage. Ind. Crops Prod., 2016, 9, 57-62.
[27]
Yoshida, Y.; Itoh, N.; Saito, Y.; Hayakawa, M.; Niki, E. Application of water-soluble radical initiator, 2,2′-azobis[2-(2-imidazolin-2-yl)propane] dihydrochloride, to a study of oxidative stress. Free Radic. Res., 2004, 38(4), 375-384.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1071576042000191763] [PMID: 15190934]
[28]
Somparn, P.; Phisalaphong, C.; Nakornchai, S.; Unchern, S.; Morales, N.P. Comparative antioxidant activities of curcumin and its demethoxy and hydrogenated derivatives. Biol. Pharm. Bull., 2007, 30(1), 74-78.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1248/bpb.30.74] [PMID: 17202663]
[29]
Yoon, J.H.; Baek, S.J. Molecular targets of dietary polyphenols with anti-inflammatory properties. Yonsei Med. J., 2005, 46(5), 585-596.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.3349/ymj.2005.46.5.585] [PMID: 16259055]
[30]
Ribeiro, D.; Freitas, M.; Tomé, S.M.; Silva, A.M.; Porto, G.; Cabrita, E.J.; Marques, M.M.; Fernandes, E. Inhibition of LOX by flavonoids: a structure-activity relationship study. Eur. J. Med. Chem., 2014, 72, 137-145.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmech.2013.11.030] [PMID: 24368208]
[31]
Arnao, M.B.; Cano, A.; Acosta, M. The hydrophilic and lipophilic contribution to total antioxidant activity. Food Chem., 2001, 73(2), 239-244.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(00)00324-1]
[32]
Adebayo, S.A.; Dzoyem, J.P.; Shai, L.J.; Eloff, J.N. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity of 25 plant species used traditionally to treat pain in southern African. BMC Complement. Altern. Med., 2015, 15, 159.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12906-015-0669-5] [PMID: 26014115]
[33]
Yarnell, E.; Abascal, K. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale and T mongolicum) Integr. Med. A Clin. J., 2009, 8(2), 35-38.


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 1
ISSUE: 1
Year: 2020
Page: [64 - 72]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2665978601666200212110603

Article Metrics

PDF: 10
HTML: 2
EPUB: 1
PRC: 1