Background: Nature has always played a vital role in the evolution of life forms.
The design of products in accordance with nature’s design, popularly known as biomimicry,
had played a vital role in pushing the technology and product effectiveness to the next level.
Humans have long sought to mimic not just the design, but also the methodology adopted by
certain animals. For example, the walking technique of vertebrates has been effectively
mimicked for a quadruped robot to make a system more efficient by consuming less power.
Thus indirectly, nature acts as a driving factor in pushing technological growth.
Methods: The principle objective of this paper is to provide an overview of popular bio
mimicked products inspired by nature. This paper emphasizes a wide variety of products
developed in the field of materials inspired by nature.
Results: Wall-climbing robots, Sonar, X-ray imaging, Sandwich and Honeycomb structures
are some of the popular products and designs inspired by nature. They have resulted in better
designs, better products with improved efficiency and thus have proven to be better alternatives.
Some products and designs such as Samara drone, Riblet surfaces, DSSCs, Biomimetic
Drills and Water turbines have plenty of scopes to replace conventional products and
Conclusion: While plenty of products, structures and designs have successfully replaced
older alternatives, there is still a large scope for biomimicry where it could potentially replace
conventional products and designs to offer better efficiency.