Background: Medication reconciliation is a major part of clinical care transitions that
can promote patient safety and satisfaction. The main administrators of this process are pharmacy
practitioners. Currently, many medical centers all over the world implement the procedures of
medication reconciliation with varying styles and inconsistent success. Some other centers are going
to build protocols in the near future. By now, there is no consensus for an optimal method of
running medication reconciliation and each center has its own approach. This fact can cause a huge
amount of resource wastages. In this narrative review, we searched scientific literature in this field
in order to extract, underline and formalize the specific features which help a medical center to
reach an optimized medication reconciliation plan.
Methods: We explored the PubMed database with keywords of “medication reconciliation” and
“pharmacy service” to obtain a relevant reference pool for our topic. Then we checked the affiliations
of authors to be assured of the international diversity of our perspective.
Results: Our search method yielded 184 journal articles from different continents. The frequency of
published articles from America was higher and then, Europe, Australia, Asia and Africa were
Conclusion: According to the results, inclusion of factors like establishing phases for implementation,
proper education, developing academic coordination, providing suitable facilities, specialization
of the services, periodical evaluations and promoting pharmacy practice in the development of
medication reconciliation will potentially lead to an optimized plan.