Background: Treatment team’s lack of knowledge about legal-religious doctrines of
abortion can put mothers’ health at great risk.
Objective: Importance and necessity of training the medical team regarding religious-moral doctrines
related to abortion.
Data Sources: The moral abortion studies conducted by Iranian authors between 2000 and 2018
can be found at SID, Iran Medex, PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINAHL search engines. In this
review study, 20 out of 146 studies on legal and jurisprudence issues of various aspects of abortion
Methods: The present study is a review of published evidence about knowledge and the attitudes of
gynecologists, midwives, medical and midwifery students, and the views of senior planners on legal
and abortion laws and pertinent issues of legal and religious education.
Results: The study population had moderate knowledge about the laws and regulations of moral
abortion (15.4-53.3%) and negative attitude towards criminal abortions (78.3%). Besides, 64.7% of
the participants agreed about abortion in unwanted pregnancies. Moreover, the majority of executive
managers considered abortion to be legal in case if mother or fetus’s life was in danger. However,
a small number of participants agreed about abortion due to sexual harassment, unwanted
pregnancy, pregnancy without proper interval between babies, unmarried pregnancies, and pregnancy
out of temporary marriage.
Conclusion: Medical team’s lack of spiritual awareness and positive attitude towards criminal abortion
can increase the risk of hidden abortions. Thus, an increase in medical team’s knowledge about
legal, moral, and religious aspects of abortion and penalties for criminal abortion should be considered
as a health-treatment priority.