A Novel Poly(Ionic Liquid) as the Thermal Insulating Material

Author(s): Wenxin Wei, Guifeng Ma, Hongtao Wang*, Jun Li*

Journal Name: Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering
Formerly: Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Objective: A new poly(ionic liquid)(PIL), poly(p-vinylbenzyltriphenylphosphine hexafluorophosphate) (P[VBTPP][PF6]), was synthesized by quaternization, anion exchange reaction, and free radical polymerization. Then a series of the PIL were synthesized at different conditions.

Methods: The specific heat capacity, glass-transition temperature and melting temperature of the synthesized PILs were measured by differential scanning calorimeter. The thermal conductivities of the PILs were measured by the laser flash analysis method.

Results: Results showed that, under optimized synthesis conditions, P[VBTPP][PF6] as the thermal insulator had a high glass-transition temperature of 210.1°C, high melting point of 421.6°C, and a low thermal conductivity of 0.0920 W m-1 K-1 at 40.0°C (it was 0.105 W m-1 K-1 even at 180.0°C). The foamed sample exhibited much low thermal conductivity λ=0.0340 W m-1 K-1 at room temperature, which was comparable to a commercial polyurethane thermal insulating material although the latter had a much lower density.

Conclusion: In addition, mixing the P[VBTPP][PF6] sample into polypropylene could obviously increase the Oxygen Index, revealing its efficient flame resistance. Therefore, P[VBTPP][PF6] is a potential thermal insulating material.

Keywords: Poly(p-vinylbenzyltribenzylphosphinehexafluorophosphate), poly(ionic liquid), thermal stability, thermal conductivity, polypropylene, calorimeter.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [241 - 247]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/2405520413666200207114107
Price: $65

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