Evaluation of Radiolucent Lesions Associated with Impacted Teeth: A Retrospective Study

Author(s): Hulya Cakir Karabas*, Ilknur Ozcan, Merva Soluk Tekkesin, Sedef Ayse Tasyapan, Beliz Guray, Murat Mert Atapek

Journal Name: Current Medical Imaging
Formerly: Current Medical Imaging Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 10 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Impacted teeth are commonly asymptomatic and not associated with any pathologic lesions for years. Any change in the size of the follicle associated with impacted teeth may result in odontogenic cysts or tumors. CBCT plays an important role in determining the radiographic features of a lesion and therefore, is very helpful for accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.

Objective: This study aims to evaluate radiolucent lesions associated with impacted teeth in terms of age and sex distribution, localization, and comparison with the pathological diagnosis.

Methods: In this retrospective study, out of 6758 CBCT images, 400 images revealing radiolucent lesions were detected. The study included only 190 cases (regarding 180 patients) which had a matching histopathological evaluation. Data related to the age and sex of the patients, localization of the lesions, and their comparison with the pathological diagnosis were recorded and analyzed.

Results: The most encountered lesions were dentigerous cysts (60%) and odontogenic keratocysts (26.3%). Males were the most affected (63.3%). Most of the lesions were found in the left and right posterior mandible and mostly (66.8 %) associated with third molars. Out of 123 radiological diagnoses of dentigerous cyst cases, histopathological diagnoses confirmed 108 cases. Regarding odontogenic keratocyst, histopathological diagnosis confirmed 40 cases out of 48.

Conclusion: Radiological diagnoses of the lesions mostly match with their pathological diagnosis unless their characteristics are changed due to infection. CBCT, as a technique enabling detailed imaging of the involved dental structures, is a helpful instrument for differential diagnosis.

Keywords: Impacted teeth, radiolucent lesion, CBCT imaging, histopathology, cyst, tumor.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 10
Year: 2020
Page: [1332 - 1339]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573405616666200206115827
Price: $65

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