Power Test System Development and Dynamic Performance State Estimation Based on Hub Motor Vehicle

Author(s): Jing Gan*, Xiaobin Fan, Zeng Song, Mingyue Zhang, Bin Zhao

Journal Name: Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 2 , 2020


Become EABM
Become Reviewer
Call for Editor

Abstract:

Background: The power performance of an electric vehicle is the basic parameter. Traditional test equipment, such as the expensive chassis dynamometer, not only increases the cost of testing but also makes it impossible to measure all the performance parameters of an electric vehicle.

Objective: A set of convenient, efficient and sensitive power measurement system for electric vehicles is developed to obtain the real-time power changes of hub-motor vehicles under various operating conditions, and the dynamic performance parameters of hub-motor vehicles are obtained through the system.

Methods: Firstly, a set of on-board power test system is developed by using virtual instrument (Lab- VIEW). This test system can obtain the power changes of hub-motor vehicles under various operating conditions in real-time and save data in real-time. Then, the driving resistance of hub-motor vehicles is analyzed, and the power performance of hub-motor vehicles is studied in depth. The power testing system is proposed to test the input power of both ends of the driving motor, and the chassis dynamometer is combined to test so that the output efficiency of the driving motor can be easily obtained without disassembly. Finally, this method is used to carry out the road test and obtain the vehicle dynamic performance parameters.

Results: The real-time current, voltage and power, maximum power, acceleration time and maximum speed of the vehicle can be obtained accurately by using the power test system in the real road experiment.

Conclusion: The maximum power required by the two motors reaches about 9KW, and it takes about 20 seconds to reach the maximum speed. The total power required to maintain the maximum speed is about 7.8kw, and the maximum speed is 62km/h. In this article, various patents have been discussed.

Keywords: Dynamic performance test, hub-motor vehicle, LabVIEW, patents, power test system, vehicles.

[1]
Du J-Y, Ouyang M-G, Chen J-F. Prospects for Chinese electric vehicle technologies in 2016-2020: Ambition and rationality. J Energy (2017); 120: 584-96.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.11.114]
[2]
Hannan MA, Hoque MM, Mohamed A, Ayob A. Review of energy storage systems for electric vehicle applications: Issues and challenges. J Renew Sustain Energy Rev (2017); 69: 771-89.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.171]
[3]
Chauncey DC, McCarthy EC, Roth PJ, Elliott NA. System and method for measuring and reducing vehicle fuel waste. US20120143449 (2018).
[4]
Shyam SP, Balaji SK, Manas S. System and method for navigating an autonomous vehicle. US10449959 (2019).
[5]
Silberling J, Satrom P, Kelly J, Kebschull B, Lenkeit J. Improvements to a soft collision partner (AKA soft car) used in system for testing crash avoidance technologies. EP3481684 (2019).
[6]
Wang T, Ye Z, Liu M. Chao, Y., Zhou, Y., Xi, Y., Zhou, J., Mao, C., Yin, W., Ding, G., Chu, Y., Chen, M. Automobile simulation method and device, and automobile test simulation system. CN106053098 (2016).
[7]
Berntorp K, Arslan O. System and method for controlling autonomous vehicles. US20170168485 (2017).
[8]
Niles JE. Autonomous vehicle environment detection system. WO2016064581 (2016).
[9]
Owen R, Treharne J. Vehicle diagnostics apparatus, diagnostics unit and methods. US9704307 (2017).
[10]
Kelly J, Broen P, Silberling J, Zellner J. System and method for testing crash avoidance technologies. EP2845775 (2016).
[11]
Hao B, Qiu H, Yang X, Meng F. Inertial navigation simulation test system. CN103604445 (2015).
[12]
Gormley J. Vehicle customization and personalization activities. US9747626 (2017).
[13]
Goralnick G. Advertising-integrated car. US9646326 (2017).
[14]
Matlschweiger K. System for investigating a test body. US9217691 (2015).
[15]
Zhou B, Littler T, Meegahapola LG, Zhang HG. Power system steady-state analysis with large-scale electric vehicle integration. J Energy (2016); 115(Part 1): 289-302.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.08.096]
[16]
Brown KJ, Ramirez CE, Soto V. Electric vehicle supply equipment. US9073439 (2015).
[17]
Fiorini FE, Honselmann S. Device for force simulation on an actuating element of a vehicle, preferably a pedal simulator, and mechanism for actuating an electric clutch system. EP3137784 (2018).
[18]
Turgeon TJ, Kimoto M. Electric vehicle battery thermocouple. US9583798 (2017).
[19]
Komatsu Y, Kikuchi H, Umetsu K, Sugeno N, Sato M. Power storage apparatus and electric vehicle. US9728821 (2018).
[20]
Deng L, Lin S, Feng T, Lv C, Yang Z. Method and apparatus for calculating SOC of power battery pack, and electric vehicle. WO2019184842 (2019).
[21]
Kawashima K. Device alignment in inductive power transfer systems. US20150094887 (2015).
[22]
Cheng H-T, He Y, Gupta A, Garud V, Shyr A. Electric vehicle disaggregation and detection in whole-house consumption signals. US20160223597 (2016).
[23]
Mouzakitis A, Smith I. Vehicle test apparatus and method. US20170199234 (2017).
[24]
Alser J, Chidester DD, Paryani A, Weicker PJ. Electric vehicle battery test. US20170120771 (2017).
[25]
Kusch RS, King RD. Apparatus and method for charging an electric vehicle. US8994327 (2015).
[26]
Power K, Donato J, Jones A. Swappable, configurable and structural battery pack for electric vehicles. US9461284 (2016).
[27]
Bolduc RJ. Electric vehicle battery pack voltage monitoring. US20150130471 (2016).
[28]
Liu Z, Wang W, Zhang Z, Chen Y, Wang W. Track vehicle collision testing device and track vehicle collision testing method. US10393628 (2019).
[29]
Harp B, Yocum J. Track test load device, track test load system, and method for testing a constant warning time device. AU2016204642 (2018).
[30]
Braunberger AS, Braunberger BM. Absolute acceleration sensor for use within moving vehicles. US10436125 (2019).
[31]
Jules DFA. Autonomous method and device for determining a global inclination of a motor vehicle. KR20190098718 (2019).
[32]
Pflug G. Vehicle vision system with image classification. US9619716 (2017).
[33]
Sebastian G, Padmanaban K, Biswas B, Rajappa R. System and method for enhanced emulation of connected vehicle applications. US20170024500 (2015).
[34]
Zhou Y, Ghinaudo D. Vehicle vision system with driver monitoring. US20150294169 (2015).
[35]
Rubin KT, Betts-LaCroix J. Operational efficiency in a vehicleto- vehicle communications system. US9031089 (2015).
[36]
Cuttino JF. Tire testing systems and methods. US9038449 (2015).
[37]
Wang R, Mi G. Application of hall sensors in direct current detection. Chin J Sci Instrum (2006); 27(6): 312-3.
[38]
Gunness PD, Grenier GC, Haeg SR, Dahlheimer KJ. Test system having a compliant actuator assembly and iteratively obtained drive. US20150073601 (2015).
[39]
Carbonaro P, Dallara G, Fusari A, Pezzoli A, Traversi F, Lambertini L. High diagnosability, quality managed-compliant in tegrated circuit for implementing ASIL B-compliant automotive safety-related functions. US9677480 (2017).
[40]
Mazurek I, Klapka M. Method of measuring damping ratio of unsprung mass of half axles of passenger cars using a suspension testing rig without disassembling. EP3193152 (2017).
[41]
Sekhar NC, Reddy TS, Bhavani G. Implementation of low-cost MEMS based temperature measurement and control system using Lab VIEW and microcontroller. 2014 International Conference on Power, Control and Embedded Systems (ICPCES). Allahabad, India. December, 2014..
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ICPCES.2014.7062824]
[42]
Jamaluddin A, Sihombing L, Supriyanto A, M Nizam. Design real time Battery Monitoring System using LabVIEW Interface for Arduino (LIFA). 2013 Joint International Conference on Rural Information & Communication Technology and Electric-Vehicle Technology (rICT & ICeV-T). Bandung, Indonesia, November. 2013
[43]
Wilson HL, Mandeville LF, Fung L-YE. Smart lighting system for a vehicle. WO2017062691 (2017).
[44]
Yamashima A. Heat radiating device for heat generating electronic component, manufacturing method thereof, and vehicle-mounted charger. WO2017098703 (2017).
[45]
Zhou Y, Huang C, Liu E, Ulrich J. Automobile wiper motor performance detection device. CN204101699 (2015).
[46]
Dickey JA. Voltage suppressor test circuit and method of testing a voltage suppressor. EP3495829 (2019).
[47]
Chompoo-Inwai C, Mungkornassawakul J. A smart recording power analyzer prototype using LabVIEW and low-cost Data Acquisition (DAQ) in being a smart renewable monitoring system. 2013 IEEE Green Technologies Conference (GreenTech). Denver, CO, USA, April. (2013).
[48]
Teng W, Zhao D, Zhan D, Li H, Gao Y. Detection test system of motor vehicle diagnostic equipment. CN205080429 (2016).
[49]
Levinson JS, Sibley GT, Rege AG. Simulation system and methods for autonomous vehicles. WO2017079229 (2016).
[50]
Rubin K, Betts-Lacroix J. V2V system with a hybrid physical layer. US9552727 (2017).
[51]
Tao N. Virtual instrument technology and new developments. Chin J Sci Instrum (2007); 28(4): 252-4.
[52]
Jian Z. Research on virtual instrument with its technique. J Zhejiang Univ Eng Sci (2000); 34(6): 98-101.
[53]
Memon TR. Embedded DAQ system design for temperature and humidity measurement. Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology (2016); 32(2): 253-60.
[54]
Keye L. Experiment of real-time temperature measurement and control based on the LabVIEW. Experiment Science and Technology (2016); 14(5): 65-7.
[55]
Wang Q, Li L, Liu Q. Guo, X., Liang, M., Cui, C., Sun, G., Yan, B.. Cyclic operation state testing system and method for hybrid electric bus. CN105730379 (2016).
[56]
Nicholson WD. Method for increasing accuracy of vehicle data. US9679422. (2017).
[57]
Corley FDE. Pop-up test reference image. US9230327 (2016).
[58]
Woog M, Schreiber R, Baus M, Oechsner H, Brucke M. Device and method for testing an inertial sensor. WO2016110439 (2016).
[59]
Yi G, Wan D. Vehicle onboard safety system. US20150360696 (2015).
[60]
Nathan Q, Christian G, Jonathon S. Powered lower limb devices and methods of control thereof. US2018116828 (2018).
[61]
Gnanaprakash S, Karthikeyan P, Biswajit B, Rajagopalan R. System and method for enhanced emulation of connected vehicle applications. US10303817 (2019).
[62]
Bösl R, Saxinger W, Eisenbeiss J. Testing system for testing the rolling resistance of at least one vehicle tire and method for testing the rolling resistance of the vehicle tire. US2019204185 (2019).
[63]
Aed D, Mark P, Dennis Y. Systems and methods for vehicle fuel system and evaporative emissions system diagnostics. US2019186422 (2019).
[64]
Kazunari T, Nobuyuki T, Mitsuharu M, Akira Y. Test system and testing method for on-vehicle application. JP2019016341 (2019).
[65]
Lu Y, Zhang Y, Hao C. The utility model relates to a vehicle handling stability test system. CN205593760 (2016).
[66]
Scott CA, Sanchez KJ. Technology for generating alternate navigation directions for vehicles. US10415985 (2019).
[67]
Yao M, Sasahara K, Komada M, Rumer R, Witter S. Test systems for electric vehicle and hybrid electric vehicle. EP2535695 (2018).
[68]
Wang Z. Automobile starter running test set. CN105336262 (2016).
[69]
Song K, Song K, Zhou D, Wan H. A vehicle resistance test method. CN103983460 (2016).
[70]
Toru O. Rolling resistance prediction method of tire and rolling resistance prediction apparatus of the same. JP2015232545 (2015).
[71]
Kim TH, Cho JW, Cho JH. Control method for coasting of automotive. KR20180014358 (2018).
[72]
Park Y. Method and apparatus for determining the validity of a message received by a vehicle in autonomous driving system. KR20190098094 (2019).
[73]
Södergren M, Evaldsson M. Determination of running resistance for a vehicle. US9043074 (2015).
[74]
Feick H. Optical sensor device and method for operating a time-offlight sensor. US10455178 (2019).
[75]
Thompson WM. Low rolling resistance tread for cars and light trucks. EP2585525 (2015).
[76]
Davydov V, Nissen P-J, De Bei M. Multi-speed transmission and method for operating the same. WO2016091934 (2016).
[77]
Holcomb RR. Turbofan jet engine, powered by an electric motor with power from a high efficiency electric generator. WO2018149971 (2018).
[78]
Zhu J, Ma C, Gu Z. Ye, X., Zhang, P., Zhang, P., Gu, J. . Controlling apparatus and method for electric drive transmission of dual-motor electric vehicle. US9623872 (2017).
[79]
Zakharovich TV, Semenovich SD, Yurevich YL. Test bench for studying of the electric power resonant transmission system. RU2673427 (2018).
[80]
Xie Q, Sheng Y, Lai Y, Pang X, Liang J. Automotive driveline transmission efficiency test method. CN103852261 (2016).
[81]
Yang Y, Emadi A. Electro-mechanical double-rotor compound hybrid transmission. US9102227 (2015).
[82]
Kon KH. Automotive test log transmission system and method using mobile device. KR20190071185 (2019).
[83]
Johannes L. Transmission arrangement and drive device for a hybrid vehicle. US2019275878 (2019).
[84]
Löwe D. Hydraulic system for a transmission device. DE102014204641 (2015).
[85]
Zhou X, Hou Y, He X, Liu Q, Liu Z, Sun H. Forerunner automobile machinery gearbox transmission error test bench. CN205538211 (2016).
[86]
Zimmer P. Apparatus and method for testing a drivetrain of a vehicle. EP3497425 (2019).
[87]
Strege TA, Stieff MT, Dorrance DR. Method and apparatus for evaluating an axle condition on a moving vehicle. US10068389 (2018).
[88]
Sleasman GJ, Kuryloski M, Papageorge P. System, method, and apparatus for testing a train management system on a road-rail vehicle. US9873443 (2018).
[89]
Yu Z. Automobile Theory. China Machine Press: Beijing, China, 1982.
[90]
Kimes JW, Woodley PB. Drive systems including transmissions for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. US10183570 (2019).
[91]
Jason S. Portable high speed balance machine. US9506832 (2016).
[92]
Wyatt CK, Fox IE. Control systems and methods for electric drive utility vehicles. US10440880 (2019).
[93]
Simonini M. Acceleration control for an electric vehicle US9096135 (2015).
[94]
Chen H-Z. Unexpected acceleration prevention safety device for electric vehicle TWM496570 (2015).
[95]
Alexander M. Drive system for electric or hybrid vehicles. GB2571130 (2019).
[96]
Bledsoe JM, Billot DR, Kinney J, Duncan J. Acceleration and braking mechanism kit for a vehicle. US20160161974 (2016).
[97]
Mineyuki K, Kazuhisa S. Electric motor test system. US10295437 (2019).
[98]
Park JH, Park JY, Kim JS, Oh D. Roll and brake automatic test system and test method. KR20180068794 (2018).
[99]
Wang Z, Li H. Automobile electronic control system tester and testing method. WO2017143790 (2017).
[100]
Steward D, Button I. Pedal feel test apparatus and method. EP2960126 (2017).
[101]
Driesen J, Belmans RM, Hameyer K. Finite element modeling of thermal contact resistances and insulation layers in electrical machines. IEEE Trans Ind Appl (2001); 37: 15-20.
[http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/28.903121]
[102]
McCool JR, Clark MS. Systems and mobile application for electric wireless charging stations. US9796280 (2017).
[103]
Chamberlain MA. Electronic control system tester. US2019154544 (2019).


Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Published on: 31 May, 2020
Page: [126 - 140]
Pages: 15
DOI: 10.2174/2212797613666200131143626
Price: $25

Article Metrics

PDF: 8
HTML: 1