Vagaries of the Host Response in the Development of Hepatitis B-related Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Case Series

Author(s): Peter Block, Brianna Shinn, Christopher Roth, Laurence Needleman, Ernest Rosato, Hie-Won Hann*

Journal Name: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Abstract:

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is one of the leading causes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) worldwide. In the endemic region, the infection is commonly spread through vertical transmission in which mother and child possess genetically identical viral genotypes in the setting of similar host genomes. Despite these genetic similarities, clinical outcomes from chronic hepatitis B (CHB) can vary widely, ranging from lifelong asymptomatic infection to terminal HCC. Presented here are the longitudinal observations over multiple decades of three family clusters, including monozygotic twins with non-discordant HCC, that demonstrate the heterogeneity of HBV-related outcomes. These findings emphasize the important need to untangle the role of genetic and non-genetic host factors in the development of HBV-related HCC, as well as highlight the novel research avenues that can clarify the contributions of such factors in HBV-related HCC.

Keywords: Hepatitis B virus, chronic hepatitis B, hepatocellular carcinoma, genetic host factors, immune response to hepatitis B, stress.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Published on: 29 January, 2020
Page: [253 - 258]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1573394716666200129121051
Price: $65

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