The Mixed AII and BIII Genotypes of Human Giardia lamblia Isolate Circulating in Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran

Author(s): Elham Kialashaki, Mahdi Fakhar*, Mehdi Sharif*, Ahmad Daryani, Reza Saberi

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders

Volume 20 , Issue 6 , 2020


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Abstract:

Objectives: Giardiasis is one of the human parasitic diseases by a flagellate protozoan named Giardia lamblia. This parasite is one of the most common organisms causing diarrhea in humans and a common gastrointestinal parasite in vertebrates. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the molecular epidemiology of Giardia lamblia (G. lamblia) by PCR-RFLP method in the Mazandaran Province and to investigate the possible relationship between parasite genotype and clinical symptoms.

Methods: In this study, 50 stool samples were collected from human cases of G. lamblia. referred to health centers in Sari, Babol, Nowshahr cities. The samples were examined by formalin-ether concentration procedure. DNA extraction was carried out on samples containing adequate Giardia cysts, and then PCR-RFLP was done on glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) marker.

Results: In these patients, the most common signs were abdominal pain (42.9%), and diarrhea (47.6%); and least marked common sign was malaise (4.7%). Of all 21 isolates, 9 samples (42.8%) were found as genotype mixed AII and BIII, 6 samples (28.6%) belonged to genotype BIII and 6 (28.6%) were of genotype AII. Additionally, there was a significant correlation between AII genotype and clinical symptoms (P <0.05). According to the statistical tests, there was a significant relationship between abdominal pain and the intensity of infection (P<0.05).

Conclusion: However, genotype AII and mixed AII and BIII genotypes were more common, respectively. The relatively high prevalence of mixed infection of these genotypes indicated the potential of zoonotic source of giardiasis among patients in Mazandaran Province.

Keywords: Giardia lamblia, genotype, human, A and B genotypes, Iran, giardiasis.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Published on: 20 January, 2021
Page: [834 - 839]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1871526520666200127155118
Price: $65

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