Status of Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) by Immunohistochemistry and Scoring Algorithms

Author(s): Francesca Giunchi, Thomas Gevaert, Marina Scarpelli, Michelangelo Fiorentino*

Journal Name: Current Drug Targets

Volume 21 , Issue 13 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

The detection of the Programmed Death Ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein by immunohistochemistry is currently the only approved test predictive of response to drugs targeting the PD1/PDL1 axis. The role of this test is debated since several reagents have been used as companion diagnostics for different drugs on diverse immunostaining platforms. In addition, different scoring systems for PD-L1 immunohistochemistry have been applied in the registration studies regarding single drugs. This review deals with the various issues that are related to the immunohistochemical test for PD-L1. We discuss currently unsolved problems such as the advantages and the flaws of PD-L1 immunohistochemistry; the choice of the best reagents and the best scoring system. Finally, we review the current experiences on the role of immunohistochemistry for PD-L1 in clinical trials with immune checkpoint inhibitors.

Keywords: Cancer, immunotherapy, PD-L1, immunohistochemistry, scoring systems, algorithms.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 13
Year: 2020
Published on: 23 January, 2020
Page: [1286 - 1292]
Pages: 7
DOI: 10.2174/1389450121666200123124642
Price: $65

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