Monoterpenes: Essential Oil Components with Valuable Features

Author(s): Anahita Boveiri Dehsheikh, Mohammad Mahmoodi Sourestani*, Paria Boveiri Dehsheikh, Javad Mottaghipisheh, Sara Vitalini, Marcello Iriti*

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 20 , Issue 11 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Medicinal plants have a wide range of secondary metabolites including monoterpene. These volatile compounds are the main components of essential oils, belonging to the isoprenoid group and possessing valuable features for plants and humans. This review provides comprehensive information on chemical structures and classification of monoterpenes. It describes their biosynthesis pathways and introduces plant families and species rich in noteworthy monoterpenes. Bio-activities, pharmacological and pesticide effects as well as their mechanism of action are reported. Applications of these compounds in various industries are also included.

Keywords: Anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, bioherbicides, essential oil, insecticides, monoterpenes, preservatives, secondary metabolites, volatile aromatic oils.

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Year: 2020
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