Manganese Ore-based Wet Flue-Gas Desulfurization: A Review

Author(s): Yutong Liu, Wenju Jiang*, Lu Yao, Lin Yang, Xia Jiang

Journal Name: Recent Innovations in Chemical Engineering
Formerly: Recent Patents on Chemical Engineering

Volume 13 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Abstract:

The removal of SO2 from flue gases is necessary for eliminating haze and controlling acid rain. However, developing the traditional wet and dry flue-gas desulfurization (FGD) is challenging due to the disposal issue of several byproducts. Manganese (Mn) orebased wet FGD possesses many advantages, including good desulfurization property, low cost, and high economic benefit. The environment friendliness and reusability of MnSO4 provide new ideas and methods in the future research direction of FGD. This review summarizes the background information of Mn ore slurry desulfurization, the desulfurization mechanism, the technological process, and the desulfurization devices. The role of operating parameters, such as temperature, liquid/solid ratio, pH, SO2 concentration, and particle size, in the desulfurization efficiency and manganese leaching rate are also discussed. The temperature (20°C-80°C) has exerted little effect on the desulfurization efficiency, whereas a low pH value is beneficial for SO2 removal. Moreover, a low inlet SO2 concentration and small particle size are beneficial for SO2 removal. The control and digestion techniques related to the byproduct (manganese dithionate) are also presented, along with the future development direction of Mn ore-based wet FGD in different industries.

Keywords: Flue-gas desulfurization, manganese oxides ore, technology, manganese dithionate, desulfurization efficiency, byproducts.

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VOLUME: 13
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [180 - 193]
Pages: 14
DOI: 10.2174/2405520413666200122092300
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