A Current Review on Drug Loaded Nanofibers: Interesting and Valuable Platform for Skin Cancer Treatment

Author(s): Navneet Mehan, Manish Kumar*, Shailendra Bhatt, Vipin Saini

Journal Name: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology

Volume 8 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Nanofibers are used in topical medication for various skin diseases like wound healing, skin cancer and others. Non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) are the most widely distributed diseases in the world, of which 99% of people are affected by either basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) or squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the skin. Skin malignancy is caused by direct sun exposure and regular application of unsafe restorative items on the skin.

Objective: This review presents the use of nanofibers in skin cancer treatment and advances made in skin cancer treatment.

Methods: There are various methods used in the production of nanofibers such as bicomponent extrusion, phase separation, template synthesis, drawing, electrospinning, and others. Electrospinning is the most widely used technique for nanofiber fabrication. The nanofibers are produced in nanometer size range and mostly used in medication because of their low thickness, large surface area per unit mass and porosity. Nanofibers are also used as drug delivery system for sustaining the action of drugs or medicaments.

Results: Nanofibers enhance the permeation and availability of those drugs having low bioavailability and low permeability. Nanofibers increase the sustainability of the drugs up to 10 days.

Conclusion: Skin cancer is the abnormal growth of skin cells in the body influencing people of all colours and skin. In this review paper, the definition and production techniques of nanofibers and drugs used in skin cancer treatment and the relation between skin cancer and nanofiber are illustrated in detail. With the help of different techniques and drugs, the risk of non-melanoma skin cancer is reduced.

Lay Summary: The risk of skin cancer and other skin problems is increasing day by day. In a previous study we found that the nanofibers are less used as a topical delivery system. We have studied the nanofibers as a drug delivery system in the treatment of skin cancer by using different drugs. According our study nanofibers are most useful in skin drug delivery and if the nanofiber, are merging with other drug delivery system like nanoparticles, it may maximize the output of drug into skin. The significance of this study is, to explain all information about nanofibers in skin cancer.

Keywords: Chemotherapy, controlled medication, electrospinning, malignant, nanofibers, skin cancer.

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VOLUME: 8
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [191 - 206]
Pages: 16
DOI: 10.2174/2211738508666200121103110
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