The family Iridaceae contains 92 genera and more than 1800 species,
mostly perennial herbs with underground storage organs called rhizomes (bulbs).
Some genera are important in traditional medicines, especially Iris and Gladiolus.
The genus Iris belongs to this family and comprises about hundreds of species
among them, 12 species are found in Iraq. It has been widely used in various medicines
worldwide especially Iris persica is used in folk medicine in the Kurdistan region
of Iraq as an effective treatment of tumours, inflammation, and as antibacterial
and antifungal agent. Earlier findings confirmed that Iris persica and its constituents
play a role in the scavenging of free radical generation and prevention of disease
pathogenesis. Each part of the Iris persica herb has some medicinal property. This
review focuses mainly on the biological activities of the Iris persica and some of
their compounds isolated, pharmacological actions of the Iris persica extracts and
products, and plausible medicinal and therapeutically applications.