BDNF-TrkB and proBDNF-p75NTR/Sortilin Signaling Pathways are Involved in Mitochondria-Mediated Neuronal Apoptosis in Dorsal Root Ganglia after Sciatic Nerve Transection

Author(s): Xianbin Wang, Wei Ma, Tongtong Wang, Jinwei Yang, Zhen Wu, Kuangpin Liu, Yunfei Dai, Chenghao Zang, Wei Liu, Jie Liu, Yu Liang, Jianhui Guo*, Liyan Li*.

Journal Name: CNS & Neurological Disorders - Drug Targets
(Formerly Current Drug Targets - CNS & Neurological Disorders)

Volume 19 , Issue 1 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) plays critical roles during development of the central and peripheral nervous systems, as well as in neuronal survival after injury. Although proBDNF induces neuronal apoptosis after injury in vivo, whether it can also act as a death factor in vitro and in vivo under physiological conditions and after nerve injury, as well as its mechanism of inducing apoptosis, is still unclear.

Objective: In this study, we investigated the mechanisms by which proBDNF causes apoptosis in sensory neurons and Satellite Glial Cells (SGCs) in Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) After Sciatic Nerve Transection (SNT).

Methods: SGCs cultures were prepared and a scratch model was established to analyze the role of proBDNF in sensory neurons and SGCs in DRG following SNT. Following treatment with proBDNF antiserum, TUNEL and immunohistochemistry staining were used to detect the expression of Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) and Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP) in DRG tissue; immunocytochemistry and Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay were used to detect GFAP expression and cell viability of SGCs, respectively. RT-qPCR, western blot, and ELISA were used to measure mRNA and protein levels, respectively, of key factors in BDNF-TrkB, proBDNF-p75NTR/sortilin, and apoptosis signaling pathways.

Results: proBDNF induced mitochondrial apoptosis of SGCs and neurons by modulating BDNF-TrkB and proBDNF-p75NTR/sortilin signaling pathways. In addition, neuroprotection was achieved by inhibiting the biological activity of endogenous proBDNF protein by injection of anti-proBDNF serum. Furthermore, the anti-proBDNF serum inhibited the activation of SGCs and promoted their proliferation.

Conclusion: proBDNF induced apoptosis in SGCs and sensory neurons in DRG following SNT. The proBDNF signaling pathway is a potential novel therapeutic target for reducing sensory neuron and SGCs loss following peripheral nerve injury.

Keywords: proBDNF, sciatic nerve transection, dorsal root ganglia, TrkB, p75NTR, sortilin, sensory neurons.

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VOLUME: 19
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Year: 2020
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DOI: 10.2174/1871527319666200117110056
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