Background: Microstrip antenna has gained significant attention for a large number of
communication systems due to its adaptable features and compatibility.
Objective: The major objective of this manuscript is to assess the microstrip antenna technology for
structure adaptability, the feature based performance capabilities, design and versatility.
Methods: The major reviews conducted in every decade on antenna technology highlighted the significance
of microstrip antenna technology. Moreover, a review of the articles on microstrip antenna
published in ‘IEEE Transaction on Antenna and Propagation’ revealed that these antennas can primarily
be used instead of other types of antennas.
The available presentation of microstrip antennas includes features, such as small size, flatness (low
profiles), wide-ranging impedance bandwidth, high gain, and circular polarization. A chronological
assessment of the major endeavors in the microstrip antenna study conducted during the last four
decades, is highlighted.
Results: This manuscript focuses on the cutting-edge developments in the microstrip antenna technology
and facilitates various modern designated extents, which provide the readers an insight into
the tractability presented by microstrip antennas and their prospective benefits as compared to different
types of other antennas like lens antenna, dish antenna, horn antenna, etc. The recent advancements
in manufacturing techniques of microstrip antenna are reviewed. A large number of
publications on the applications of microstrip antennas, such as communication, sensing, energy
harvesting, biomedical relevance etc. are also included to show their importance at present.
Conclusion: This article presents a state of the art evaluation of the research carried out on microstrip
antennas from the time of their inception to till date. It consolidates the information for the
researchers working in this field and will be helpful in enhancing the efforts for the research.