Development and Antimicrobial Evaluation of Eruca Sativa Oil Nanoemulgel with Determination of the Oil Antioxidant, Sun Protection Factor and Elastase Inhibition

Author(s): Ahmad M. Eid*, Nidal A. Jaradat, Motasem Al-Masri, Linda Issa, Fatimah Zubidat, Hanan Asrawi, Samah Ahmad

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 21 , Issue 3 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Objectives: This project aims to develop a bio-natural nano-product with Cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical applications.

Methods: E. sativa oil was evaluated for its anti-oxidant, sun protection factor and elastase inhibition. Then, nanoemulgel formulations were prepared for E. sativa oil through the combination of nanoemulsion with hydrogel. E. sativa nanoemulsion formulations were prepared by the help of a selfemulsification technique. After this, the optimum formulation was mixed with Carbopol to produce the nanoemulgel. Anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activities were evaluated.

Results: Nanoemulsion occurred when the size of the droplets was 195.29 nm with the lowest polydispersibility index 0.207. The results of antioxidant, anti-elastase and SPF activities for E. sativa oil were 2.10 µg/ml, 25.1 µg/ml and an SPF value of 5.57, respectively. In addition, in the anti-bacterial test for Staphylococcus aureus, it was found that nanoemulgel has an inhibition zone of 2.1 cm in diameter. According to the MRSA, the inhibition zone was 1.5 cm.

Conclusion: E. Sativa oil could be a promising candidate in cosmeceutical and pharmaceutical preparations.

Keywords: Eruca sativa, sun protection factor, anti-wrinkles, microbiology, bio-formulation, nanoemulgel.

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VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Published on: 16 March, 2020
Page: [244 - 255]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1389201021666200110095930
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