Fissidentaceae: A Tiny Fern Moss Family
Pp. 159-173 (15)
Family Fissidentaceae is one of the largest family of class Bryopsida. The
family is also known as a tinny fern moss family due to the general appearance of plant
body similar to that of a typical fern plant. This is a monogeneric taxon (Fissidens).
This family comprises of ca. 450 taxa distributed all around the world. Among these,
86 reported from India, 53 from china and 37 from North America. Bryoflora of
Pakistan represents ca. 18 species of this unique family. The individuals like shady,
moist places in forests, entrances of caves, sprays of waterfalls and along rivers, a few
species completely aquatic, growing on soil, rocks, termite mounds, lower trunks of
trees, branches, dead wood, rarely epiphyllous, in moist or wet lowland to high
mountain forests. The identification parameters of this family are somewhat different
from others. The identification is based on peristome types, lambidial cells (size,
number, and position), laminal cells (size, shape and papillae etc.), costa type and in
some cases habitats. This chapter focused on the detail background, identification
strategies, taxonomic parameters, distribution and conservation strategies etc.
Fissidentacae, Lambidia, Papilose, Mamilose.
Cryptogamic Lab. Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan.