Recent Advances in Botanical Science

Recent Advances in Botanical Science

Contemporary Research on Bryophytes

This reference provides information about recent trends in bryology in parts of India, tropical rainforests and arctic regions. Bryophytes are the earliest land plants and quite fascinating in ...
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Fissidentaceae: A Tiny Fern Moss Family

Pp. 159-173 (15)

Mazhar-ul-Islam

Abstract

Family Fissidentaceae is one of the largest family of class Bryopsida. The family is also known as a tinny fern moss family due to the general appearance of plant body similar to that of a typical fern plant. This is a monogeneric taxon (Fissidens). This family comprises of ca. 450 taxa distributed all around the world. Among these, 86 reported from India, 53 from china and 37 from North America. Bryoflora of Pakistan represents ca. 18 species of this unique family. The individuals like shady, moist places in forests, entrances of caves, sprays of waterfalls and along rivers, a few species completely aquatic, growing on soil, rocks, termite mounds, lower trunks of trees, branches, dead wood, rarely epiphyllous, in moist or wet lowland to high mountain forests. The identification parameters of this family are somewhat different from others. The identification is based on peristome types, lambidial cells (size, number, and position), laminal cells (size, shape and papillae etc.), costa type and in some cases habitats. This chapter focused on the detail background, identification strategies, taxonomic parameters, distribution and conservation strategies etc.

Keywords:

Fissidentacae, Lambidia, Papilose, Mamilose.

Affiliation:

Cryptogamic Lab. Department of Botany, Hazara University, Mansehra, Pakistan.