Aggregation Prone Regions in Antibody Sequences Raised Against Vibrio cholerae: A Bioinformatic Approach

Author(s): Zakia Akter, Anamul Haque, Md. Sabir Hossain, Firoz Ahmed*, Md Asiful Islam*

Journal Name: Current Bioinformatics

Volume 15 , Issue 9 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Cholera, a diarrheal illness, causes millions of deaths worldwide due to large outbreaks. The monoclonal antibody used as therapeutic purposes of cholera is prone to be unstable due to various factors including self-aggregation.

Objectives: In this bioinformatic analysis, we identified the aggregation prone regions (APRs) of antibody sequences of different immunogens (i.e., CTB, ZnM-CTB, ZnP-CTB, TcpA-CT-CTB, ZnM-TcpA-CT-CTB, ZnP-TcpA-CT-CTB, ZnM-TcpA, ZnP-TcpA, TcpA-CT-TcpA, ZnM-TcpACT- TcpA, ZnP-TcpA-CT-TcpA, Ogawa, Inaba and ZnM-Inaba) raised against Vibrio cholerae.

Methods: To determine APRs in antibody sequences that were generated after immunizing Vibrio cholerae immunogens on Mus musculus, a total of 94 sequences were downloaded as FASTA format from a protein database and the algorithms such as Tango, Waltz, PASTA 2.0, and AGGRESCAN were followed to analyze probable APRs in all of the sequences.

Results: A remarkably high number of regions in the monoclonal antibodies were identified to be APRs which could explain a cause of instability/short term protection of the anticholera vaccine.

Conclusion: To increase the stability, it would be interesting to eliminate the APR residues from the therapeutic antibodies in such a way that the antigen-binding sites or the complementarity determining region loops involved in antigen recognition are not disrupted.

Keywords: Aggregation prone regions, Vibrio cholerae, cholera, antibody sequence, bioinformatics, vaccine.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 15
ISSUE: 9
Year: 2020
Published on: 02 February, 2021
Page: [988 - 1009]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/1574893615666200106120504
Price: $65

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