Background: It has been observed that part of the tunnel of rail transit of line 1# in Lanzhou
city passes through loess. Loess has obvious water sensitivity and anisotropy, these obvious
characteristics have different degrees of influence on different projects.
Objective: This study aims to compare the differences of shear strength with the vertical and horizontal
direction through the triaxial and direct shear test, and permeability of samples in different
Methods: The Q4 loess undisturbed sample from vertical and horizontal directions near tunnel face
were selected in order to study the physical mechanical properties of Lanzhou rail transit section,
and many related experiments were also carried out.
Results: The results show that the anisotropy of the shear strength of the surrounding rock (Q4 loess)
is significant near the tunnel face with a depth of 15m. The failure stress in the vertical direction
is 1.33 times to that in the horizontal direction, and the permeability coefficient in the vertical
direction is 1.37 times to that in the horizontal direction. In different directions, the internal friction
angle of loess is basically the same. The cohesion force is different in different directions and different
test methods. In general, the vertical strength of Q4 loess is greater than the horizontal
Conclusion: This characteristic is due to the structural characteristics of loess. Therefore, in the
design and construction of loess tunnel, the mechanical parameters in different directions of loess
should be considered, and the influence of different test methods on the measured parameters
should also be considered.