Inhalation Delivery of Host Defense Peptides (HDP) using Nano- Formulation Strategies: A Pragmatic Approach for Therapy of Pulmonary Ailments

Author(s): Suneera Adlakha, Ankur Sharma, Kalpesh Vaghasiya, Eupa Ray, Rahul Kumar Verma*.

Journal Name: Current Protein & Peptide Science

Volume 21 , Issue 4 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Host defense peptides (HDP) are small cationic molecules released by the immune systems of the body, having multidimensional properties including anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antimicrobial and immune-modulatory activity. These molecules gained importance due to their broad-spectrum pharmacological activities, and hence being actively investigated. Presently, respiratory infections represent a major global health problem, and HDP has an enormous potential to be used as an alternative therapeutics against respiratory infections and related inflammatory ailments. Because of their short half-life, protease sensitivity, poor pharmacokinetics, and first-pass metabolism, it is challenging to deliver HDP as such inside the physiological system in a controlled way by conventional delivery systems. Many HDPs are efficacious only at practically high molar-concentrations, which is not convincing for the development of drug regimen due to their intrinsic detrimental effects. To avail the efficacy of HDP in pulmonary diseases, it is essential to deliver an appropriate payload into the targeted site of lungs. Inhalable HDP can be a potentially suitable alternative for various lung disorders including tuberculosis, Cystic fibrosis, Pneumonia, Lung cancer, and others as they are active against resistant microbes and cells and exhibit improved targeting with reduced adverse effects. In this review, we give an overview of the pharmacological efficacy of HDP and deliberate strategies for designing inhalable formulations for enhanced activity and issues related to their clinical implications.

Keywords: Host defense peptides, pulmonary delivery, dry powder inhalation, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, lung cancer.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 4
Year: 2020
Page: [369 - 378]
Pages: 10
DOI: 10.2174/1389203721666191231110453
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