Synthesis and 4D-QSAR Studies of Alanine Hydroxamic Acid Derivatives as Aminopeptidase N Inhibitors

(E-pub Ahead of Print)

Author(s): Min Gao, Qiao Li Lv, Hou Pan Zhang, Guo Gang Tu*

Journal Name: Medicinal Chemistry

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Background: As a target for anticancer treatment, aminopeptidase N (APN) shows its overexpression on diverse malignant tumor cells and associates with cancer invasion, angiogenesis and metastasis.

Objective: The objective of the study was the design, synthesis and biological activity evaluation of alanine hydroxamic acid derivatives as APN inhibitors, and investigation of the binding mode of inhibitors in the APN active site.

Methods: Alanine hydroxamic acid derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-cancer activity using CCK-8 assay. Molecular docking and 4D-QSAR studies were carried out to suggest the mechanism of biological activity.

Results: Compared with Bestatin, compound 9b showed the best APN inhibition activity. The putative binding mode of 9b in the APN active site was also discussed. Moreover, the robust and reliable 4D-QSAR model exhibited the following statistics: R2 = 0.9352, q2 LOO = 0.8484, q2 LNO =0.7920, R2 Pred = 0.8739.

Conclusion: Newly synthesized compounds exerted acceptable anticancer activity and further investigation of the current scaffold would be beneficial.

Keywords: Aminopeptidase N, Inhibitor, 4D-QSAR, Synthesis, Docking, Anticancer.

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(E-pub Ahead of Print)
DOI: 10.2174/1573406416666191227115451
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