Computational Studies on Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors: From Biochemistry to Chemistry

Author(s): Kiran Bagri, Ashwani Kumar*, Manisha, Parvin Kumar

Journal Name: Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 20 , Issue 14 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors are the most promising therapeutics for Alzheimer’s disease treatment as these prevent the loss of acetylcholine and slows the progression of the disease. The drugs approved for the management of Alzheimer’s disease by the FDA are acetylcholinesterase inhibitors but are associated with side effects. Consistent and stringent efforts by the researchers with the help of computational methods opened new ways of developing novel molecules with good acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity. In this manuscript, we reviewed the studies that identified the essential structural features of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors at the molecular level as well as the techniques like molecular docking, molecular dynamics, quantitative structure-activity relationship, virtual screening, and pharmacophore modelling that were used in designing these inhibitors.

Keywords: Acetylcholinesterase enzyme, Alzheimer's disease, Docking, QSAR, Virtual Screening, Pharmacophore, Molecular Dynamics.

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VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 14
Year: 2020
Published on: 01 September, 2020
Page: [1403 - 1435]
Pages: 33
DOI: 10.2174/1389557520666191224144346
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