Application of Silica Nanoparticles in the Determination of Herbicides in Environmental Water Samples Using Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy

Author(s): Mir Waqas Alam*, Tentu Nageswara Rao, Yarasani Prashanthi, Vourse Sridhar, Adil Alshoaibi, Basma Souayeh, Hatem Abuhimd, Faheem Ahmed*

Journal Name: Current Nanoscience

Volume 16 , Issue 5 , 2020

Become EABM
Become Reviewer

Graphical Abstract:


Background: Herbicides are very beneficial in the crop yield with the aid of controlling weeds within the agriculture, but several herbicides are chronic in soil.

Objective: In this study, nanoparticles and the packages of synthesized novel silica nanoparticles were studied for the preconcentration of herbicides.

Methods: These nanoparticles prepared by the Stöber mechanism were purified and functionalized. Nanoparticles thus prepared successfully were used as supporting material for the preconcentration of residues of herbicides in the water.

Results: Preconcentration was achieved by preparing the silica-based solid-phase-extraction cartridges. Nanoparticles used for this purpose were within the range of 50-250 nm. An SPE cartridge was prepared by packing 200 mg of silica nanoparticle in the empty cartridge of diameter 5.5 cm and length 0.6 cm in between PTFE frits. Aqueous solutions of 0.1 μg/ml of herbicides were prepared separately, and 10 ml of the solution was passed through the cartridge at the rate of 0.2 ml/min. After passing 10 ml volume of the aqueous solution, residues adsorbed on the cartridge were eluted using 2 ml of acetonitrile. The eluate was injected to determine the herbicide residue adsorbed on the SPE cartridge.

Conclusion: In the study, it was found that greater than 90% of the herbicide residues were trapped on silica nanoparticle-based SPE cartridge. An analytical method was developed for the simultaneous determination of these herbicides. The residues were quantified by LC-MS/MS with ESI mode.

Keywords: Silica nanoparticles, herbicides, LC-MS/MS, solid-phase extraction, liquid chromatography, nanomaterials.

Zhang, Y.; Xu, W.; Xu, X.; Cai, J.; Yang, W.; Fang, X. Self-powered dual-color UV–Green photodetectors based on SnO2 millimeter wire and microwires/CsPbBr3 particle heterojunctions. J. Phys. Chem. Lett., 2019, 10(4), 836-841.
[] [PMID: 30726089]
Yang, W.; Hu, K.; Teng, F.; Weng, J.; Zhang, Y.; Fang, X. Highperformance silicon-compatible large-area UV-to-visible broadband photodetector based on integrated lattice-matched type II Se/n-Si heterojunctions. Nano Lett., 2018, 18(8), 4697-4703.
[] [PMID: 30052044]
Yu, P.; Zhang, Z.; Zheng, L.; Teng, F.; Hu, L.; Fang, X. A novel sustainable flour derived hierarchical nitrogen‐doped porous carbon/polyaniline electrode for advanced asymmetric supercapacitors. Adv. Energy Mater., 2016, 6(20), 1601111.
Wang, Z.; Ruan, J.; Cui, D. Advances and prospect of nanotechnology in stem cells. Nanoscale Res. Lett., 2009, 4(7), 593-605.
[] [PMID: 20596412]
Deb, K.D.; Griffith, M.; Muinck, E.D.; Rafat, M. Nanotechnology in stem cells research: advances and applications. Front. Biosci., 2012, 17, 1747-1760.
[] [PMID: 22201833]
Boisseau, P.; Loubaton, B. Nanomedicine, nanotechnology in medicine. C. R. Phys., 2011, 12, 620-636.
Slowing, I.I.; Trewyn, B.G.; Lin, V.S-Y. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles for intracellular delivery of membrane-impermeable proteins. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2007, 129(28), 8845-8849.
[] [PMID: 17589996]
Maleki, A.; Kettiger, H.; Schoubben, A.; Rosenholm, J.M.; Ambrogi, V.; Hamidi, M. Mesoporous silica materials: From physico-chemical properties to enhanced dissolution of poorly water-soluble drugs. J. Control. Release, 2017, 262, 329-347.
[] [PMID: 28778479]
Nandiyanto, A.B.D.; Kim, S-G.; Iskandar, F.; Okuyama, K. Synthesis of spherical mesoporous silica nanoparticles with nanometer-size controllable pores and outer diameters. Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 2009, 120, 447-453.
Dong, M.; Ma, Y.; Zhao, E.; Qian, C.; Han, L.; Jiang, S. Using multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid phase extraction adsorbents for determination of chloroacetanilide herbicides in water. Mikrochim. Acta, 2009, 165(1-2), 123-128.
Du, D.; Wang, M.; Zhang, J.; Cai, J.; Tu, H.; Zhang, A. Application of multiwalled carbon nanotubes for solid-phase extraction of organophosphate pesticide. Electrochem. Commun., 2008, 10(1), 85-89.
El-Sheikh, A.H.; Insisi, A.A.; Sweileh, J.A. Effect of oxidation and dimensions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes on solid phase extraction and enrichment of some pesticides from environmental waters prior to their simultaneous determination by high performance liquid chromatography. J. Chromatogr. A, 2007, 1164(1-2), 25-32.
[] [PMID: 17673220]
Dong, Y.; Tang, D.; Li, C. Photocatalytic oxidation of methyl orange in water phase by immobilized TiO2-carbon nanotube nanocomposite photocatalyst. Appl. Surf. Sci., 2014, 296, 1-7.
Gilart, N.; Borrull, F.; Fontanals, N.; Marcé, R.M. Selective materials for solid-phase extraction in environmental analysis. Trends Environ. Anal. Chem, 2014, 1, e8-e18.
Kamiya, S.; Yamada, M.; Washino, M.; Nakashima, K. Preparation of nanoparticles including antisolvent drugs by the combination of roll milling and high-pressure homogenization. Curr. Nanosci., 2018, 14(2), 143-147.
[] [PMID: 30079002]
Katsumata, H.; Matsumoto, T.; Kaneco, S.; Suzuki, T.; Ohta, K. Preconcentration of diazinon using multiwalled carbon nanotubes as solid-phase extraction adsorbents. Microchem. J., 2008, 88(1), 82-86.
Liu, F.; Wen, L-X.; Li, Z-Z.; Yu, W.; Sun, H-Y.; Chen, J-F. Porous hollow silica nanoparticles as controlled delivery system for water-soluble pesticide. Mater. Res. Bull., 2006, 41(12), 2268-2275.
Liu, S.; Zheng, L.; Yu, P.; Han, S.; Fang, X. Novel composites of α‐Fe2O3 tetrakaidecahedron and graphene oxide as an effective photoelectrode with enhanced photocurrent performances. Adv. Funct. Mater., 2016, 26(19), 3331-3339.
Merkle, S.; Kleeberg, K.; Fritsche, J. Recent developments and applications of solid phase microextraction (SPME) in food and environmental analysis: A review. Chromatography (Basel), 2015, 2(3), 293-381.
Ouyang, W.; Teng, F.; He, J.H.; Fang, X. Enhancing the photoelectric performance of photodetectors based on metal oxide semiconductors by Charge‐carrier engineering. Adv. Funct. Mater., 2019, 29(9), 1807672.
Patil, A.; Mishra, V.; Thakur, S.; Riyaz, B.; Kaur, A.; Khursheed, R.; Patil, K.; Sathe, B. Nanotechnology derived nanotools in biomedical perspectives: An update. Curr. Nanosci., 2019, 15(2), 137-146.
Popat, A.; Liu, J.; Hu, Q.; Kennedy, M.; Peters, B.; Lu, G.Q.; Qiao, S.Z. Adsorption and release of biocides with mesoporous silica nanoparticles. Nanoscale, 2012, 4(3), 970-975.
[] [PMID: 22200056]
Wanyika, H. Sustained release of fungicide metalaxyl by mesoporous silica nanospheres. J. Nanopart. Res., 2013, 15, 1831.
Yi, Z.; Hussain, H.I.; Feng, C.; Sun, D.; She, F.; Rookes, J.E.; Cahill, D.M.; Kong, L. Functionalized mesoporous silica nanoparticles with redox-responsive short-chain gatekeepers for agrochemical delivery. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 2015, 7(18), 9937-9946.
[] [PMID: 25902154]
Wibowo, D.; Zhao, C.X.; Peters, B.C.; Middelberg, A.P.J. Sustained release of fipronil insecticide in vitro and in vivo from biocompatible silica nanocapsules. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2014, 62(52), 12504-12511.
[] [PMID: 25479362]
Pyrzynska, K. Carbon nanotubes as a new solid‐phase extraction material for removal and enrichment of organic pollutants in water. Separ. Purif. Rev., 2008, 37(4), 372-389.
Singh, K.; Mishra, A.; Sharma, D.; Singh, K. Nanotechnology in enzyme immobilization: An overview on enzyme immobilization with nanoparticle matrix. Curr. Nanosci., 2019, 15(3), 234-241.
Hamdi, K.; Hébrant, M.; Martin, P.; Galland, B.; Etienne, M. Mesoporous silica nanoparticle film as sorbent for in situ and real-time monitoring of volatile BTX (benzene, toluene and xylenes). Sens. Actuators B Chem., 2016, 223, 904-913.
Nicolle, J.; Desauziers, V.; Mocho, P. Solid phase microextraction sampling for a rapid and simple on-site evaluation of volatile organic compounds emitted from building materials. J. Chromatogr. A, 2008, 1208(1-2), 10-15.
[] [PMID: 18771772]
Sui, T.; Ding, M.; Ji, C.; Yan, S.; Wei, J.; Wang, A.; Zhao, F.; Fei, J. Dispersibility and rheological behavior of functionalized silica nanoparticles as lubricant additives. Ceram. Int., 2018, 44(15), 18438-18443.
Wen, Y.; Chen, L.; Li, J.; Liu, D.; Chen, L. Recent advances in solid-phase sorbents for sample preparation prior to chromatographic analysis. Trends Analyt. Chem., 2014, 59, 26-41.
Murugadoss, S.; Lison, D.; Godderis, L.; Van Den Brule, S.; Mast, J.; Brassinne, F.; Sebaihi, N.; Hoet, P.H. Toxicology of silica nanoparticles: an update. Arch. Toxicol., 2017, 91(9), 2967-3010.
[] [PMID: 28573455]
Li, C.M.; Wang, X.P.; Jiao, Z.H.; Zhang, Y.S.; Yin, X.B.; Cui, X.M.; Wei, Y.Z. Functionalized porous silica-based nano/micro particles for environmental remediation of hazard ions. Nanomaterials (Basel), 2019, 9(2), E247.
[] [PMID: 30759816]
Stöber, W.; Fink, A.; Bohn, E. Controlled growth of monodisperse silica spheres in the micron size range. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1968, 26(1), 62-69.

Rights & PermissionsPrintExport Cite as

Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 05 October, 2020
Page: [748 - 756]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1573413716666191224113231
Price: $65

Article Metrics

PDF: 16