Synthesis, Docking Study, Cytotoxicity, Antioxidant, and Anti-microbial Activities of Novel 2,4-Disubstituted Thiazoles Based on Phenothiazine

Author(s): Tran Nguyen Minh An*, Pham Thai Phuong, Nguyen Minh Quang, Nguyen Van Son, Nguyen Van Cuong, Le Van Tan, Mai Dinh Tri, Mahboob Alam, Pham Van Tat

Journal Name: Current Organic Synthesis

Volume 17 , Issue 2 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

A series of novel 1,3-thiazole derivatives (5a-i) with a modified phenothiazine moiety were synthesized and tested against cancer cell line MCF-7 for their cytotoxicity. Most of them (5a-i) were less cytotoxic or had no activity against MCF-7 cancer cell line.

Material and Methods: The IC50 value of compound (4) was 33.84 μM. The compounds (5a-i) were also evaluated for antimicrobial activities, but no significant activity was observed. The antioxidant activity was conducted for target compounds (5a-i). The IC50 value of compound (5b) was 0.151mM.

Results: The total amount of energy, ACE (atomic contact energy), energy of receptor (PDB: 5G5J), and ligand interaction of structure (4) were found to be 22.448 Kcal.mol-1 , -247.68, and -91.91 Kcal.mol-1, respectively. The structure (4) is well binded with the receptor because the values of binding energy, steric energy, and the number of hydrogen bondings are -91.91, 22.448 kcal.mol-1, and 2, respectively. It shows that structure (4) has good cytotoxicity with MCF-7 in vitro.

Conclusion: The increasing of docking ability of structures (5a-i) with the receptor is presented in increasing order as (5f)>(5e)>(5g)>(5a)>(5b)>(5d)>(5c)>(5i)>(5h). The structure bearing substitution as thiosemicarbazone (4), nitrogen heterocyclic (5f), halogen (5e), and azide (5g) showed good cytotoxicity activity in vitro.

Keywords: 2, 4-Disubstituted thiazole, phenothiazine, cytotoxicity, antioxidant activity, molecular docking, anti-microbial activities.

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VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 2
Year: 2020
Page: [151 - 159]
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DOI: 10.2174/1570179417666191220100614
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