Single-cell Analysis of β2-Adrenergic Receptor Dynamics by Quantitative Fluorescence Microscopy

Author(s): Esraa Haji, Saeed Al Mahri, Yumna Aloraij, Shuja Malik, Sameer Mohammad*.

Journal Name: Current Molecular Medicine

Volume 20 , Issue 6 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the largest family of surface proteins and are involved in the regulation of key physiological processes. GPCRs are characterized by seven transmembrane domains, an extracellular N-terminus and an intracellular C-terminus. Cellular response of these receptors to their ligands is largely determined by their surface expression and postactivation behavior including expression, desensitization and resensitization.

Objective: To develop a quantitative fluorescence Microscopy assay to study β2- Adrenergic receptor expression and desensitization.

Method: β2-Adrenergic receptor cDNA was engineered to put an HA tag at the extracellular N-terminus and GFP Tag at the intracellular C-terminus. GFP fluorescence serves as a measure of total cellular expression; whereas staining with CY3 conjugated anti-HA antibodies without permeabilizing the cells represents the surface expression of β2-AR. The images are quantified and amount of CY3 (surface) and GFP (total) fluorescence for each cell determined using image processing software.

Results: The method is sensitive and allows for the simultaneous measurement of surface and total expression of β2-AR.

Conclusion: A highly accurate method is described for measuring β2-AR surface and total expression based on single-cell quantitative immunofluorescence. The method can be used to determine agonist-induced desensitization and resensitization process as well as receptor kinetics like endocytosis and exocytosis of β2-Adrenergic receptor and can be applied to essentially any other GPCR.

Keywords: G-protein coupled receptors, receptor desensitization, quantitative immune-flourescence, fluorescence microscopy, C-terminus, microscopy assay.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Page: [488 - 493]
Pages: 6
DOI: 10.2174/1566524020666191216125825
Price: $65

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