Investigation of Antituberculosis from Medicinal Plant of Community Ethnic in South Sulawesi

Author(s): Herlina Rante*, Gemini Alam, Sartini, Andi Dian Permana, Usmar, Rahmita Burhamzah, Alimuddin Ali, Mery Budiarti

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders

Volume 20 , Issue 6 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Tuberculosis is one of the transmitted diseases that has been claimed as one of the most serious health problems worldwide resulting in death, as reported in WHO in Global Tuberculosis Report 2014. It has been predicted that 9 million people suffer from tuberculosis disease and 1.5 - 2 million deaths occur by this disease.

Objective: The aim of this research is to know the species of plant used as anti-hematemesis medicine that has the activity of antituberculosis and antituberculosis-MDR and then investigate the phytochemistry characteristics of the compound from every parts of the plant extract that show the activity of antituberculosis and antituberculosis-MDR which is indicated by the value of Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) of the extracts.

Methods: The extraction method used in this research was the maceration method. The antituberculosis activity test was investigated using MODS and LJ media methods. The isolation of the active compound was carried out using Bioassay Guided Fractionation and then the compound characteristics were identified using spectroscopy data.

Results: The results showed that extracts from Talas (Collocasia esculenta tuber) and Kariango (Acorus calamus rhizome) plants were active against M. tuberculosis. The FTIR spectroscopy data showed that three isolates obtained from Talas plants contained aliphatic OH and C-O and CH groups. The MIC values of kariango and Talas extracts using the MODS method were 45 mg/ml and 40 mg/ml, respectively.

Conclusion: Talas (Collocasia esculenta) tuber and Kariango rhizome ethanolic extract have a potency for antituberculosis and anti-MDR tuberculosis drugs.

Keywords: anti-Mybobacterium tuberculosis, H37RV, MDR, ethanol extract, MODS, LJ.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Published on: 20 January, 2021
Page: [893 - 897]
Pages: 5
DOI: 10.2174/1871526520666191216121302
Price: $65

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