Electrodeposition of Polysaccharide and Protein Hydrogels for Biomedical Applications

Author(s): Yang Zou, Yuye Zhong, Houbin Li, Fuyuan Ding*, Xiaowen Shi*

Journal Name: Current Medicinal Chemistry

Volume 27 , Issue 16 , 2020

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Abstract:

In the last few decades, polysaccharide and protein hydrogels have attracted significant attentions and been applied in various engineering fields. Polysaccharide and protein hydrogels with appealing physical and biological features have been produced to meet different biomedical applications for their excellent properties related to biodegradability, biocompatibility, nontoxicity, and stimuli responsiveness. Numerous methods, such as chemical crosslinking, photo crosslinking, graft polymerization, hydrophobic interaction, polyelectrolyte complexation and electrodeposition have been employed to prepare polysaccharide and protein hydrogels. Electrodeposition is a facile way to produce different polysaccharide and protein hydrogels with the advantages of temporal and spatial controllability. This paper reviews the recent progress in the electrodeposition of different polysaccharide and protein hydrogels. The strategies of pH induced assembly, Ca2+ crosslinking, metal ions induced assembly, oxidation induced assembly derived from electrochemical methods were discussed. Pure, binary blend and ternary blend polysaccharide and protein hydrogels with multiple functionalities prepared by electrodeposition were summarized. In addition, we have reviewed the applications of these hydrogels in drug delivery, tissue engineering and wound dressing.

Keywords: Electrodeposition, hydrogel, chitosan, silk, biomedicine, protein hydrogels, polysaccharide hydrogels.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 27
ISSUE: 16
Year: 2020
Published on: 04 June, 2020
Page: [2610 - 2630]
Pages: 21
DOI: 10.2174/0929867326666191212163955
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