Subtractive Proteome Mining Approach towards Unique Putative Drug Targets Identification for Salmonella typhimurium

Author(s): Rabia Iftikhar*, Muhammad Rizwan, Sajid Khan, Azhar Mehmood, Anum Munir

Journal Name: Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets
Formerly Current Drug Targets - Infectious Disorders

Volume 20 , Issue 6 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Salmonella typhimurium is a rod-shaped bacteria with a Gram-negative genus, belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family of microbes, which invades the intestinal lumen of Human. Salmonella typhimurium is a root source, accounting for gastroenteritis in humans as well as in other mammals. Gastroenteritisis associated with Salmonella Typhimurium interacts with the contaminated food and water and spreads to nearby people in the area. Small intestine is attacked by Salmonella, which then enter into the bloodstream momentarily, and are responsible for millions of mortalities and morbidities around the globe. Salmonella typhimurium toxins cause gastrointestiritis due to inflammation in the stomach and intestine in infants and young children. It accounts for millions of deaths with a higher incidence rate in developing countries.

Methods: In the current research, subtractive proteome mining has been done to recognize putative drug targets. The proteome was analyzed through blast in order to exclude homologous proteins. Bacterial essential proteins were predicted and the participation of the essential genes in the metabolic pathways has been analyzed.

Results: 36 essential genes and 15 unique pathways have been identified as potential drug targets among the total of 1934 proteins. The location of proteins is determined as an outer membrane. 3 proteins out of 36 essential proteins are recognized as putative drug targets.

Conclusion: In the future, virtual screening for the evaluation of novel clinical compounds for the identified proteins will be effective and valuable for Salmonella Typhimurium infection in Homo sapiens.

Keywords: Salmonella typhimurium, essential genes, membrane proteins, putative, drug targets, Enterobacteriaceae.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 20
ISSUE: 6
Year: 2020
Published on: 20 January, 2021
Page: [884 - 892]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1871526519666191211142758
Price: $65

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