The Relevance of Single-nucleotide Polymorphism +62 G>A to the Expression of Resistin Gene Affecting Serum Resistin Levels in Metabolic Syndrome in the Egyptian Population

Author(s): Sherine M. Ibrahim*, Afaf A. Bastawy

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Volume 21 , Issue 7 , 2020


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Graphical Abstract:


Abstract:

Background: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is a clinical condition consisting of risk factors associated with type two diabetes and developing cardiovascular disease. It has been suggested that resistin is a linkage between obesity, inflammation and type two diabetes. This study aims to investigate whether Resistin Gene (RETN) polymorphism (+62G>A) is linked to MS and resistin levels among the Egyptian population.

Methods: This study was performed with 310 Egyptian volunteers: 160 MS subjects and 150 controls. Anthropometric parameters and biochemical variables were determined. The RETN +62G>A polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-RFLP technique.

Results: The resistin levels of the MS group were significantly higher than those of the control group. Resistin levels were positively correlated with anthropometric parameters and liver biomarkers in the MS group. According to RETN +62G>A polymorphism, carriers with the A allele (GA/AA) had significantly increased resistin levels than subjects with the GG genotype, consequently, the RETN +62G >A polymorphism was found to be related to MS, biochemical parameters and anthropometric variables.

Conclusion: These findings propose that the RETN +62G>A polymorphism has a great impact on the circulating resistin concentrations, and that resistin levels are strongly related to MS. Therefore, this RETN polymorphism is related to the risk of the prevalence of MS in the Egyptians.

Keywords: Resistin, gene polymorphisms, metabolic syndrome, obesity, RETN +62G>A, Egyptian population.

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VOLUME: 21
ISSUE: 7
Year: 2020
Published on: 16 June, 2020
Page: [626 - 634]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1389201021666191210122851
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