Methods for the Determination of the Purity of Exosomes

Author(s): Katarzyna Kluszczyńska, Liliana Czernek, Wojciech Cypryk, Łukasz Pęczek, Markus Düchler*

Journal Name: Current Pharmaceutical Design

Volume 25 , Issue 42 , 2019

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Background: Exosomes open exciting new opportunities for advanced drug transport and targeted release. Furthermore, exosomes may be used for vaccination, immunosuppression or wound healing. To fully utilize their potential as drug carriers or immune-modulatory agents, the optimal purity of exosome preparations is of crucial importance.

Methods: Articles describing the isolation and purification of exosomes were retrieved from the PubMed database.

Results: Exosomes are often separated from biological fluids containing high concentrations of proteins, lipids and other molecules that keep vesicle purification challenging. A great number of purification protocols have been published, however, their outcome is difficult to compare because the assessment of purity has not been standardized. In this review, we first give an overview of the generation and composition of exosomes, as well as their multifaceted biological functions that stimulated various medical applications. Finally, we describe various methods that have been used to purify small vesicles and to assess the purity of exosome preparations and critically compare the quality of these evaluation protocols.

Conclusion: Combinations of various techniques have to be applied to reach the required purity and quality control of exosome preparations.

Keywords: Exosomes, extracellular vesicles, ultracentrifugation, proteomics, drug carrier, theranostics, diagnosis.

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Article Details

Year: 2019
Published on: 07 January, 2020
Page: [4464 - 4485]
Pages: 22
DOI: 10.2174/1381612825666191206162712
Price: $65

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