A Computational Study to Prevent HIV Invasion by Bovine LF in Mucosal-Layer via Blocking of DC-SIGN_GP120 Interaction

Author(s): Arundhati Banerjee, Rakhi Dasgupta, Sujay Ray*

Journal Name: Current Proteomics

Volume 17 , Issue 5 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Invasion of HIV in human occurs through DC-SIGN’s interaction via the mucosal lining during sexual transmission. Bovine Lactoferrin (bLF) has been known to hinder this invasion via its interaction with DC-SIGN. Hitherto, protein assays have taken place but molecular-level studies remain unexplored.

Methodology: The 3D structures of the three proteins were studied. After protein docking (bLF_DCSIGN and gp120_DC-SIGN), the complexes underwent simulation. Stability parameters and binding patterns with residues were explored.

Results and Conclusion: ΔG values, net area for solvent accessibilities and conformational fluctuations in DC-SIGN affirm the binding of bLF with DC-SIGN to be more spontaneous and steadier contrary to that with gp120. Residue participation inferred more interactions to occur from bLF complex with a greater percentage of arginine (which strengthens the interaction) while electrostatic interaction between Lys45 (bLF) and Glu26 (DC-SIGN) strengthened the complex. Arg37 played an active role from DC-SIGN to form the stabilizing charged-neutral H-bond, while Lys63 from bLF formed two more such stabilizing charged-neutral H-bond with DC-SIGN. The prime binding sites in DC-SIGN; Arg37 and Gln34 occupy helices. The binding pockets in DC-SIGN may be blocked by bLF spontaneously, to hinder their interaction with gp120. No ionic-ionic interaction was observed from gp120_DCSIGN complex. 88th residue, which was a predominant residue in the binding pocket was found to experience a conformational shift from coils to sheets after interaction of DC-SIGN with bLF. This would instigate the pharmaceutical research as non-toxic LF would be economic as a remarkable peptide inhibitor opposing HIV.

Keywords: Bovine lactoferrin, dendritic cells, HIV peptide inhibitor, sexual transmission, protein interacting residues, simulation succeeding minimization.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 17
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2020
Page: [413 - 424]
Pages: 12
DOI: 10.2174/1570164617666191206162237
Price: $25

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