Mediterranean Diet and Osteoarticular Diseases

Author(s): Eliana R. Sanpaolo, Addolorata Corrado, Francesco P. Cantatore*

Journal Name: Current Nutrition & Food Science

Volume 16 , Issue 3 , 2020

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Abstract:

Background: Besides the well-known positive effect on the reduction of the risk of cardiovascular diseases, in the latest decades growing evidence has accumulated on the beneficial effects of MD on various aspects of health outcomes. Nevertheless, data concerning the existence of a direct positive effect of MD, irrespective of its beneficial effect on body weight, in osteo-articular diseases, are still controversial. In osteo-articular diseases, a pro-inflammatory environment is highlighted, with an increased systemic levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Objective: Our objective is to investigate the effects of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and osteo-articular diseases.

Conclusion: Many foods included in MD, have anti-inflammatory properties, due to the presence of nutrients, such as polyunsaturated (PUFA) and monounsaturated (MUFA) fats. The two types of polyunsaturated fatty acids, omega-3 and omega-6, have opposing effects on the inflammatory process. Omega-6 stimulates the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, while omega-3 fatty acids exert anti-inflammatory effects, including significant reductions in the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Some studies have shown that the dietary pattern of MD consumption has an important role in the prevention and development of inflammatory arthritis. Nevertheless, the possible influence of MD on chronic osteo-articular diseases is very limited, this review updates the main experimental and clinical evidences concerning the potential beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet on the most diffuse osteo-articular chronic and degenerative joint disease.

Keywords: Adipokines, fatty acids, mediterranean diet, osteoarthritis, osteo-articular diseases, polyphenol, rheumatoid arthritis.

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VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 3
Year: 2020
Page: [242 - 250]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/1386207322666191203103530
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