Inter-band Transition in Citrate Capped Marks Dodecahedral Colloidal Gold Nanoparticles

Author(s): Debasish Aich, Pijus Kanti Samanta, Satyajit Saha, Tapanendu Kamilya*

Journal Name: Current Nanoscience

Volume 16 , Issue 5 , 2020


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Abstract:

Background: Optical properties of citrate capped dodecahedral gold nanoparticles have immense applications in a large variety of fields. The interband transition has a role in determining the optical behaviour of gold nanoparticles. Interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles in the size range above ~5 nm has been left unattended for a long time.

Objective: The present work is aimed at studying interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles of size between ~5 nm and several tens of nanometres.

Methods: Turkevich method and modified Brust method were used to prepare citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy was used to determine their size and shape and their formation was explained with simulated figure obtained by Gnuplot programming. Interband transition was studied with the help of UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy.

Results: Dodecahedral citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles of mean diameters 31.5 nm, 12.87 nm and 4.69 nm with LSPR peak positions at 528 nm, 524 nm and 509 nm were prepared. The interband peak of nanoparticles of all three sizes was found to be located at about 260 nm.

Conclusion: Interband transition between Fermi level and 5d bands of the larger density of states in citrate capped dodecahedral colloidal gold nanoparticles of size above ~5nm leads to absorbance peak at ~260 nm, indicating a gap of ~4.77 eV between the Fermi level and closely spaced 5d bands. For smaller nanoparticles, absorption due to interband transition becomes more prominent relative to surface plasmon resonance absorption.

Keywords: Gold nanoparticles, inter-band transition, pentagonal, marks dodecahedrons, quantum confinement, surface plasmon resonance absorption.

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Article Details

VOLUME: 16
ISSUE: 5
Year: 2020
Published on: 04 October, 2020
Page: [829 - 836]
Pages: 8
DOI: 10.2174/1573413715666191127115509
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