Background: Optical properties of citrate capped dodecahedral gold nanoparticles have
immense applications in a large variety of fields. The interband transition has a role in determining
the optical behaviour of gold nanoparticles. Interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles
in the size range above ~5 nm has been left unattended for a long time.
Objective: The present work is aimed at studying interband transition in citrate capped colloidal gold
nanoparticles of size between ~5 nm and several tens of nanometres.
Methods: Turkevich method and modified Brust method were used to prepare citrate capped colloidal
gold nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy was used to determine their size and shape
and their formation was explained with simulated figure obtained by Gnuplot programming. Interband
transition was studied with the help of UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy.
Results: Dodecahedral citrate capped colloidal gold nanoparticles of mean diameters 31.5 nm, 12.87
nm and 4.69 nm with LSPR peak positions at 528 nm, 524 nm and 509 nm were prepared. The interband
peak of nanoparticles of all three sizes was found to be located at about 260 nm.
Conclusion: Interband transition between Fermi level and 5d bands of the larger density of states in
citrate capped dodecahedral colloidal gold nanoparticles of size above ~5nm leads to absorbance
peak at ~260 nm, indicating a gap of ~4.77 eV between the Fermi level and closely spaced 5d bands.
For smaller nanoparticles, absorption due to interband transition becomes more prominent relative to
surface plasmon resonance absorption.