Improving the AODV Route Recovery Mechanism Using PSO in WSN

Author(s): Sunil Kumar K.N.*, Shiva Shankar

Journal Name: International Journal of Sensors, Wireless Communications and Control

Volume 10 , Issue 5 , 2020

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Graphical Abstract:


Objective: The conventional Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing algorithm, route discovery methods pose route failure resulting in data loss and routing overhead. In the proposed method, needs significant low energy consumption while routing from one node to another node by considering the status of node forwards the packet. So that while routing it avoids unnecessary control overhead and improves the network performance.

Methods: Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm is a nature- inspired, population-based algorithm. Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is a Computational Intelligence technique which optimizes the objective function. It works by considering that every member of the swarm contributes in finding the ideal solution by keeping a track of their own best known location and the best-known location of the group and keeps updating them whenever there is a change and hence minimizes the objective fitness function. The fitness function which we considered here is the Node lifetime, Link Lifetime and available Bandwidth. If these parameters are with good then status of node will be strong and hence routing of packet over those nodes will reduce delay and improves network performance.

Result: To verify the feasibility and effectiveness of our proposal, the routing performance of AODV and PSO-AODV is compared with respect to various network metrics like Network Lifetime, packet delivery ratio and routing overhead and validated the result by comparing both routing algorithm using Network Simulator 2. The results of the PSO-AODV has outperformed the AODV in terms of low energy, less end to end delay and high packet delivery ratio and less control overhead.

Conclusion: Here we proposed to use Particle Swarm Optimization in order to obtain the more suitable parameters for the decision making. The existing AODV protocol was modified to make a decision to recover from route failure; at the link failure predecessor node implementing PSO based energy prediction concept and using weights for each argument considered in the decision function. The fitness values for each weight were found through PSO basic form. We observed that the PSO showed satisfactory behaviour improvement than the performance of AODV for all metrics on the investigated scenarios.

Keywords: Ad hoc networks, AODV, PSO, network metrics, node lifetime, link lifetime.

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Article Details

Year: 2020
Published on: 25 November, 2019
Page: [707 - 715]
Pages: 9
DOI: 10.2174/2210327909666191126110201
Price: $25

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